types of wood products

types of wood products

Grade refers to both the appearance and strength of the lumber. The maintenance-free, durable quality of artificial wood makes it a viable option to natural wood even though the initial investment for artificial wood is higher. 0000001643 00000 n 0000000847 00000 n Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods. There are two grades of appearance boards, "Finish" (a higher grade) and "Select". It is an important source of hardwood timber. Great for exterior use and projects that come in contact with cement. Actual lumber sizes are approximate dimensions after trimming. 2 Common is 3-inches x 4-inches and 50 percent defect free on its best side. Crook or crown is a warp along the edge line. 0000004324 00000 n A shake differs from a split because it’s usually caused by natural growth. Whether you’re building a home or starting a renovation project, the right lumber makes all the difference. Redwood works well for outdoor projects. ard P9, Type A) or the lighter solvent (AWPA Standard P9, Type C) are the most commonly used. These measurements clarify what you’ll see on the tag in stores (nominal size) versus the actual measurements of the lumber (actual size). Price Per Square Foot. The color of wood determines the look and style of your project. Some types of lumber may be marked as "premium" by the manufacturer, but this is not a standard grade. Check is a crack along the wood's annual growth rings. Deck and fencing lumber includes railings, floor boards, posts and balusters. MDF, or Medium-Density Fiberboard, is a combination of hardwood and softwood bound with resin. … Rather “2-inches x 4-inches” is in actuality 1-1/2-inches x 3-1/2-inches. Tip: If "prime" is listed with the grade, such as "prime FAS grade," the lumber has both the qualities of the FAS grade and a fine appearance. No two boards will look the same. Plywood sheets can be used to support floors, roofs and walls. Typically used in surfaces because natural wood is resistant to stains and water. It’s best for shelving, paneling, pallets and fences. Typically used in DIY projects or home construction. No. Framing and structural lumber follows standard building dimensions (thickness and width). Hardwood grades are: Softwood grades typically fall into two categories: dimensional lumber (based on the wood's strength) and appearance boards (most commonly used for woodwork). It is available with above-ground contact or ground contact treatment. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Composite decking boards are available in a range of colors and won’t warp or crack. If actual lumber sizes are required, that will be noted. 0000076509 00000 n Posts and timbers are usually 5-inch x 5-inch boards. Hardwood includes wood like hickory, oak, mahogany, maple and walnut. Plywood is a necessity in many DIY and construction projects, but not every type of plywood works for every project. It is unreasonable for woodworkers to learn every type of wood as there are hundreds of wood species, so below I have listed some of the most common types of wood lumber species that woodworkers use for making furniture and woodworking hand tools. Bow is a warp on the face of a board from end to end. It finishes well and has a low resistance to decay. D Select has a few more defects than C select. Next in line are pecan, hard maple and white oak. Softwood includes cedar, pine, spruce and fir wood. 0000077366 00000 n There are, however, some defects in structural lumber that you shouldn’t overlook. 0000080043 00000 n The denser the word, the sturdier the result of your project. 0000004077 00000 n Here are the most common lumber defects: Choosing the lumber for your next project just got easier. A tight knot is usually fine. Furniture made from hardwoods is generally considered to be better-looking, but hardwoods can be very expensive. trailer << /Size 48 /Info 20 0 R /Root 24 0 R /Prev 156135 /ID[<62f0c8065728609d9604503f95b1c634><702a10a381b8848ae5bba1ea89f94cc6>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 24 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 22 0 R /Metadata 21 0 R /PageLabels 19 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /S 145 /L 225 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 47 0 R >> stream The products created by the lumber and wood industries include lumber, veneer, plywood, particleboard, oriented strand board (formerly called flake, chip, or wafer board), wood pellets and wood composites (or engineered wood). Twists are multiple bends or warped spots in a board. Hardwoods are commonly used in the construction of walls, ceilings and floors, while softwoods are often used to make doors, furniture and window frames. Untreated lumber is great for projects involving animals, children or plants. Each species has its own unique set of characteristics (color, grain pattern, etc.). Choose pressure-treated options for outdoor projects. Water-based products seem to be the most popular, and there are several reasons for this fact. Heavier than untreated lumber, so it tends to require more upfront investment. It … 0000001229 00000 n Wane is bark or missing wood on the sides or edges of lumber. It's available in hardwood and softwood veneers. Texture is the feel and condition of the wood’s surface. It's ideal for DIY crafts, shelving and subfloors. Knots are a part of the wood’s grain. 0000004412 00000 n Although we do not recommend any wood for outdoor use Mahogany, Cypress, and Western Cedar are the best options for exterior use. Engineered wood, also called mass timber, composite wood, man-made wood, or manufactured board, includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding or fixing the strands, particles, fibres, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives, or other methods of fixation to form composite material. Choosing lumber means understanding grain patterns, grades, types of wood and more. No. https://www.dummies.com/crafts/types-of-wood-for-woodworking While terms like boards, studs and plywood all refer to types of lumber, they should not be used interchangeably. To make this easier, below you will find a list of different tree types, classification and then individual wood characteristics. Wood-producing forest trees and other woody plants are of two categories: gymnosperms and angiosperms. 3 Common has larger knots than No. Search for prime lumber when the look of the wood is particularly important for a project. Wood’s texture is a key part of its stability and its ability to be finished or stained. constitutes a major portion of green wood. They also produce, as residual by-products, wood chips, sawdust and shavings. All wood has natural defects that can add character. Plywood comes in a variety of types for different uses. Splits are cracks going all the way through the piece of wood. Shake is a crack that splits the wood along the grain. B. Orbital Finishing Sanders. A loose or dead knot, surrounded by a dark ring, can fall out and leave a hole. We've collected and produced some detailed information about tropical hardwood species below. It is not listed for treatment of any hardwood species, except when the wood is used for railroad ties. Typically used in cabinetry, flooring and woodworking. Plywood is made from layers of thin sheets of wood and cured under heat and pressure. The nominal size is the lumber’s rough dimension before it is trimmed to its finished size at the lumber mill. No. 0000000940 00000 n The types of hardwood you choose will ultimately depend on your project and the look you are trying to achieve. With this type of product, if you can find the right match, you can easily repair furniture damage by yourself. Unlike plywood, it won’t bow or warp, but it can swell when exposed to moisture. Pine is budget-friendly and easy to find. Birch is a great craft-wood. Poplar is used in cabinetmaking, painted furniture, ceiling moldings and trim. However, if the wood is going to be visible, you may want a higher grade of lumber. Which type of lumber you end up using for a project depends on its purpose. Gymnosperms, or cone-bearing trees, produce softwoods, such as pine and spruce, and angiosperms produce temperate and tropical hardwoods, such as oak, beech, teak, and balsa. Whether you are taking on a smaller DIY project like shiplapping a bedroom wall, or you're tackling a big job like new construction, these common terms will help you determine to how to choose lumber. 0000003289 00000 n It gives the look of expensive hardwood when stained but is easily scratched. Standard dimensions allow for faster building as less cutting is needed on site. There are two basic wood grades. Structural joists and planks are 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 6-inches wide. Structural light framing is 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 2-inches to 4-inches wide. It’s usually 6-inches x 8-inches and is 83 percent defect-free on its best side. Library catalog cards (supplanted by computer files) Drinking straws Shotgun cartridges Carbon paper Bumper stickers (now made out of vinyl except for the peel-off paper on the backside) Computer cards (now entirely electronic!) There are two categories of wood: hardwood and softwood. Like most products of this type, wood sealers are available in water-based or oil-based options. 1 Common is 3-inches x 4-inches and 66 perfect defect free on its best side. 23 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 25 /H [ 940 310 ] /L 156723 /E 125289 /N 5 /T 156145 >> endobj xref 23 25 0000000016 00000 n Find the plywood, MDF, pressure-treated lumber and all the tools and supplies you need to complete your woodworking project. Orbital sanders are lightweight, portable and easy-to-use. It naturally resists rot and is more attractive than pressure-treated wood. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. This guide will explain the different uses of plywood, as well as popular plywood sheet sizes and its rating and grade system, so that you can choose the best plywood for your project.

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