If, in this study, I have, in the main, used the language of Christian mysticism this is partly because it has now become the custom of Western writers – not least among whom we must count Don Miguel Asin Palacios – to do so. Arberry, 1949. Ulfat’s edition known also as Isfahan manuscript is an inferior work of the well-known Persian scholar “Badi’ al-Zaman Furozanfar” consists of 1983 Ruba’iyat, which currently considered as the most authentic and reliable edition of Rumi’s Diwan. And it was entered upon, and run, with immenses and reckless enthusiams, even though it led at times to seeming antinomianism and unbelief (kufr). The Sufis never set out to found a new religion, a mazhab or denomination. It is true that many Islamic mystical writers, whether Persian or not, wrote in Arabic, but this was because that language was in common use throughout the Moslem world for the exposition of religious and philosophical teaching. Although there can be no doubt that the loving, adoring, self-sacrificing figure of Jesus made an immeasurable impression on the peoples of the Near East, it is difficult to trace any scriptural or literary evidence of the propagation of Christian mystical teachings in Islamic mystical writers. In the prologue to the Masnavi, Rumi writes: One of the greatest of these was Babai the Great (A.D. 569-628), a wealthy Persian who had studied Persian (Pahlevi) literature before coming to Nisibis to study medicine. This living chain of religious teachers is an essential feature in the Sufi scheme of things. Many confraternities, based on Sufi principles and ideals, did areise in course of time and, in a number of cases, still survive, although the times are against them. first by rhyme and then by the first word of each poem within the rhyme-group. In this way Persia has conquered a spiritual domain far more extensive than any won by the arms of Cyrus and Darius, and one which is still far form being a thing of the past. Ghazali made a notable effort to establish Sufism solidly whithin the boundaries of Moslem orthodoxy, whatever that may be. I mention these facts simply to give some idea of the extent to which Persia, inteh period preceding the Islamic invasion, had been subject to fertilization and cross-fertilization by relgions and philosophies which contained a strong mystical element. See more ideas about farsi poem, persian poem, poems. While his poetry,like the poetry of other great Farsi poets, loses a great deal of its charm and meaning in translation, the English translation is also very good. Arberry’s book was published first in 1949 as “The Ruba’iyat of Jalal al-Din Rumi – Select translation into English verse”, London, Emery Walker, LTD. Arberry’s selection relies upon the Isfahan edition of quatrains edited by Muhammad Baqir Ulfat, who comprises 1994 Ruba’iyat upon the Istanbul print with a manuscript of the Diwan preserved in the Nimatullahi monastery at Isfahan. Early in the history of Islam, Moslem ascetics appeared who from their habit of wearing coarse garments of wool (suf), became known as Sufis. Ulfat’s edition known also as Isfahan manuscript is an inferior work of the well-known Persian scholar “Badi’ al-Zaman Furozanfar” consists of 1983 Ruba’iyat, which currently considered as the most authentic and reliable edition of Rumi’s Diwan. “What am I to do, for I no longer know myself?” the revered 13th-century Persian poet Jalaluddin al-Rumi once asked. The ecstatic poems of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi, a Persian poet and Sufi master born 807 years ago in 1207, have sold millions of copies in recent years, making him the most popular poet … Has it a future? Flee from me, away from trouble; take the path of safety, far from this danger. For may centuries this abundant store of mystical wisdom book for the West. Rumi's mystic poetry is illuminating and inspiring.Like other great sufis, he is a wise and loving teacher. He recommends the study of the sayings of the great mystcis because, as he says, ‘their utterances are the result of spiritual enterprise and experience, not of mechanical learning and repetition of what others have said. It is true that for Rumi the moral virtues are never ends in themselves. Names Maulana Rumi, Ibn al ‘Arabi, Jami, Mansur al Hallaj are household words in the whole Islamic world and even beyond it. Rumi is the supreme exponent of the Sufi path, and his writings have only faint traces of emanationist speculation. Rumi was a 13th-century (born in Afghanistan) Persian poet, jurist, Islamic scholar and theologian. Who was the first Sufi? In this respect, however, the Qoran is treated much in the same way as the Judaeo-Christian scriptures are treated by teh early fathers and doctors. Rumi's Masnavi is unanimously considered as one of the greatest works of mystical poetry and religious literature." Their dominant aim was to flee the deceitful and corrupting world and to devote themselves in silence and solitude, to practices of austerity, fasting and other forms of ascetical discipline. Access to poetry videos, audios & Ebooks of Maulana Rumi. It was there all the time, and there are Persians whom I have known who claim that the stream of pure Persian mysticism has pursued its course, now open, now hidden, right down the ages. Rumi’s Divan of Shems of Tabriz Selected Odes (Element Classics of World Spirituality) Mevlana Jalaluddin Rumi, et al / Published 1997. These early Sufis, as we saw, had litle concern for mystical themes as such. In a sense, this bold transformation of Islam from within by the mystical mind of Persia began already in the Prophet’s life-time with the part played in the elaboration and interpretation of Mahomet’s message by the strange but historic figure of Salman Farsi- Salman the Persian – to whom M. Massignon devoted an indispensable monograph. He was a great preacher and scholar of philosophy, logic, and divine law. It is this recognition of God as the unique object of love for the supreme, divine beloved. The Way of Passion: A Celebration of Rumi, by Andrew Harvey. Rubaiyat of Rumi The Rubaiyat of Jalal Al-Din Rumi Select translations into English Verse’ by A.J. But a similar influence revealed itself in the rapid spiritualisation of the person of ‘Ali and the parallel evolution of the mystical significance of Mahomet, around the notion of the nur muhammadi – the ‘Mahomet-light’, which seems to amount to the introduction of a Logos doctrine into the heart of Islam, viewed as an esoteric system. But what puzzles even more, perhaps, the student of the Sufi phenomenon, is the undoubted fact that the great persian ecstatics are manifestly and overpoweringly mastererd by a a passionate and all-absorbing love for the supreme, divine beloved. He became third abbot of the monastery of the Mt Izla and was the foremost divine and theologian of teh Nestorian Church at the crisis of its development. In this country, it was not until 1774 that Sir William Jones’ Latin Commentaries on Asiatic Poetry opened the way to knowledge of the Persian writers but the work, inevitably perhaps, created little stir and bore scarcely any fruit. It is this recognition of God as the unique object of love whcih is constancly born upon current of mystical love doews not seem to have any discernible human or antural source. But one must always bear in mind that it is fundamentally a practical science, the teaching of a way of life. A Tribute to Molana Jalal-e-Din Mohammad Molavi Rumi In any case, one cannot but be struck by the attraction exerted and the penetration achieved by Persian religious, such as Mithraism and Manichaeism, as far afield as the farthest frontiers of the Roman Empire, as well as in farthest Asia and who know where else. Gold Plated brass Besemeh. Founded by researchers and translators Sharghzadeh and Zirrar, the Rumi Was Muslim platform seeks to rectify inaccurately translated and wrongfully attributed work relating to the 13th- century Persian poet Mowlana Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi. In brief the rely shall be that the term is used here to signify doctrines concerning the way to God or to perfection derived from inner experiences and inspiration rather than from deductive reasoning or positive tradition. All this happened contemporaneously with the religious reform attempted in iran by Mani. But, as time went on and the reins of power passed more and more into Persian hands after the setting up of the Abbasid Caliphate in A.D. 750, the Iranian genius for interiorization and abstraction began to prevail over the more external preferences of the Semites. Original poems from Rumi's Kolliyaat-e Shams-e Tabrizi Edited by Badiozzaman Forouzanfar (Tehran, Amir Kabir, 1988). Indeed, one might say that through this mystical lore, expressed in an incomparable poetical medium, Persia found herself, discovered something like her true spiritual vocation among the peoples of the world, and that her voice has now only to make itself heard to win the delighted approval of all those seekers and connoisseurs whose souls are attune to perceive the message of the ustad i azal (the eternal master), to use Khoja Hafiz’s phrase. The French excavations carried out in Afghanistan since 1920 have revealed plastic arts betokening Irano-buddhist inspiration. In doing this they probably aim at establishing their teaching in teh heart of Hamometan orthodoxy. Then I consider this custom justified by reason of the similar workings of God with souls in every climate and the similar response human souls make to Him whatever be their form of speech. Nor should one exclude from any enumeration of Persian mystics the name of Mansur al-Hallaj, a native of Fars, in the heart of old Iran, even though he wrote in Arabic (and with what clarity, simplicity and fore!). In all fairness, too, one must add that Mahomet’s dream was not to foster, but rather to heal the schism between minds, as he looked out upon the dispute of the numerous Christian sects and rites on Arabian and near-Arabian soil. THOSE then who, in Persia and elsewhere in the world of Islam, devoted themselves tot he practice and dissemination of ascetical and mystical doctrine soon became known as ‘Sufis’, a name given them because, as we saw, they chose to wear a distinguishing dress of coarse, undyed wool (suf), a type of dress already worn by Christian ascetes in teh East. Words like ma’rifat or irfan used to designate Sufi teaching might lead one to conclude that theirs was essentially a speculative movement. But when all thsihas been granted as a likelihood, or a quasi-certainly, it remains that the Sufi phenomenon presents itself as a new, spontaneous and original flowering of religous feeling and intuition, and no one can put his finger on asingle, incontrovertible author or originator of it. The Sufi phenomenon is not easy to sum up or define. The eminent 15th century Persian Sufi poet, Jami called Rumi's Masnavi 'The Quran in Persian Language'. Such were Hassan of Basrah and Abu Hashim of Kufa, this latter, apparently the first to whom the soubriquet of Sufi was given. There is a Sufi way, a Sufi doctrine, a form of spiritual knowledge known as ‘irfan or ma’rifat, Arabic words which correspond to the Greek gnosis. The Persian poets Rumi, Hafiz, Abu Sa’id Abu-l-Khair, Farid al-Dun Attar, Iraqi are still as relevant today as they were when they were originally penned, speaking directly to the heart of the seekers and lovers everywhere. In 2007, he was described as the “most popular poet in America.” Rumi’s works are written in Persian and his Mathnawi remains one of the purest literary glories of Persia, and one of the crowning glories of the Persian language. Japanese writers have also traced deep influences of Persian Christianity in the emergence of the Mahayana type of Buddhism in China. This aspect of it was most clearly marked, no doubt, in its earlier period but it has remained as a permanent feature of the Sufi system and all its professors are agreed that those who enter on the search for perfection must needs undergo a rigorous course of training under a wise spiritual father (Pir u Murshid). Buddhism certainly flourished in these regions, but it was chiefly in its newer form an mahayana, the ‘Great Vehicle’, that is spread twoards Iran. Buddhism, as mentioned above, had long flourished in Eastern Persia. Both of them were so deeply penetrated by the Sufi spirit that they would have shrunk with horror from any such competition. Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi (1208-1273) was a 13th-century Persian poet, a Sufi mystic and one of the greatest spiritual masters and poetical intellects.Rumi is a mysterious and provocative poet. “We rarely hear the inward music, but we’re all dancing to it nevertheless.” – Rumi. This is a poem of RUMI in the original Persian. One consequence of these cross-fertilizations was that, many centuries later, Indian gurus and swamis recognized inthe Sufis and dervishes who came from persia in the wake of conquering Islamic armies co-religionists who had the same mystical preoccupations as themselves. The mystical teachings of the early centuries were diffused throughout western Asia, not least in Syria and Persia. who have offered us form a cup a silencing wine; Each moment a new tale is shouting to be told in silence. This book is concerned mainly with the Persian mystics. Don Palacios has spoken of certain Sufi teachings as un Islam cristianizado. It would seem that he dreamt of reconciling all by proposing adhesion to a single dogma which all could agree; ‘There is no god but God’. Without attempting to complete enumeration, one cannot refrain from mentioning names like Hakim Sanai, Shabistari, author of the Gulshan i Raz, and Abu Said of Mihneh. O you! The devout, in their insatiable hunger for religious truth and experience, not only took up the mystical teachings they found but in many ways made it their own, re-thought it and developed it in original ways. They are seen as ways and means, creating the necessary conditions for the attainment of closer union with the divine Beloved. Thus helped and stimulated, we have now to take up the legacy bequeathed to us and ensure that these works shall be pored over as studiously as they deserve, their lessons learnt and their indications followed up. His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages and transposed into various formats. The medieval schoolmen came to know Persian philosophers such as Avicenna (Ibn Sina) and el Gazel (Ghazali) through Hebrew and Latin translations but there is no trace of their having suspected the existence of Persian mystical writings. From that water of life he is in a state of elation.... more ». Ultimately, however, Iran seta barrier to any further expansion of Buddhism towards the West. The vigour of the Persian spiritual genius, however, is not a phenomenon which came suddenly to light at the outset of Islam. He founded the Malawi Sufi order, a leading mystical brotherhood of Islam. Sufism is like that great oak-tree, standing in the middle of the meadow: no one witnessed its planting, no one beheld its beginning, but now the flourishing tree speaks for itself, is true to origins which it has forgotten, has taken for granted. Their aim was to purify and spiritualize Islam from within, to give it a deeper, mystical interpretation, and infuse into it a spirit of love and liberty. It is also necessary to mention that due to the rough, classical English language used by Professor Arberry translating the quatrains, a detail translation for the key words, phrases and expressions is provided to facilitate the understanding of each Quatrain. Sufism has its great names, its poet-preachers, its ‘saints’, in the broad, irenical sense in which the word can be used. It was of this proclamation or ‘gospel’ that he was the Prophet. They were content to live and work within the … In 2007, he was described as the "most popular poet in America. Sufi poetry is delivered in song, music, written and spoken form in cultures across the world. The Moslem conquest family and friends, and not from discursive reasoning, from supernatural sources of,... 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