napier grass health benefits

napier grass health benefits

© 2019 - New Vision. Couch grass might work like a water pill and increase the elimination of water from the body. Napier grass produces significantly higher levels of attractive volatile compounds (green leaf volatiles), cues used by gravid stemborer females to locate host plants, than maize or sorghum. Napier grass can withstand heavy grazing, but this must be compensated with good weeding, irrigation during dry seasons and application of nitrogenous fertilisers. They can tell you more about the Napier smut and stunt diseases. If you want to make silage from napier grass it is advised that you harvest when they are two months old or one month re-growth. •    Many smallholder dairy farmers struggle to make up for the lost biomass due to the disease by stepping up feed supplementation resulting into an increase in cost of supplements per day by 200 per cent. suitable for Napier grass green tea as it exhib ited the greatest antioxidant properties. •    Ignorance on symptoms and mode of transmission This is mainly because Napier is a fast growing grass that can grow up to 4 metres tall. With the expansion of Napier grass crop, however, has come a new disease called 'Napier Stunt' also known as kugengewala. napier grass health benefits. Stabilize blood sugar and prevent diabetes . Brachiaria is resistant to these diseases. By Dr. Jolly Kabirizi    Ouma and South Africa varieties are the best varieties of Napier grass for use in Push-pull because they are resistant to Napier stunt. This could be a source of ticks and poisonous plants. There are several reasons for this — the grass grows relatively fast and can give “elephant” feeds after just three months. Nutritional Value of a Banana Stem (Musa paradisiaca Val) of Anaerobic Fermentation Product Supplemented With Nitrogen, Sulphur and Phosphorus Sources.Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 738-742. … Per square meter, napier grass can produce fresh forage of 2.14 kgs. Height – 3 to 13 feet (1 to 4 m) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous in cold weather. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of juice powders from sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck], unshiu mikan (Citrus unshiu Marcow), and mini tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), and their major flavonoids, hesperidin, narirutin, and rutin in tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative stress in HepG2 cells. The disease was first observed on farmers’ fields in Masaka district in 2000. Applying manure to the fodder fields reduces disease incidence by over 40% Eventually the stool may be completely destroyed. Lady finger serves many benefits to health and its one of super food which should be consumed by people who suffer from diabetes. The taxon Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) farmradio.org. 1. Guinea grass produces around 1.7-3.1 million seeds/kg (Ecoport, 2009). It is also the main source for paper production in mnay regions. Basic Bana grass facts. It does not grow well in waterlogged areas. Good for Skin care . This is where you harvest the grass and feed it to livestock. Cultivation of Napier grass follows conventional farming practices. While wild-growing Napier grass has many benefits, there have been some challenges in using it for fodder and other uses. Napier is favoured because it is easy to establish. For instance, unfertilized Guinea grass yields around 7t DM/ha while N-fertilized pastures can yield up to 42t/ha (Hongthong Phimmasan, 2005). Check below explanation to know further. Indeed napier grass is the livestock ugali. Harvest the grass when it is young before it becomes fibrous and the stem unpalatable. In Pampanga, farmers are planting Napier grass to fuel a revolutionary move towards renewable energy. Its amazing growth power makes it suitable for many purposes, from tall grass hedge to fuel and fodder. The milk has increased by 20% to 30% by feeding the livestock and feeding the livestock with super napier grass than the other grass we have given. The yellowing should not be confused with yellowing due to poor soils. Soil health benefits from an optimal combination of fertilization, irrigation and cutting. It is also a natural remedy for kidney stones conditions as well as kidney infection. Effect of the disease on fodder and animal production and household income, •    The total herbage yield of Napier grass is reduced by over 80%. It was even made into commercial skin caring juice, with advertisement claiming its effect in treating acne problems. Explainer: Why recounts rarely change the results of U.S. elections. What does that mean for Kenya? The tillers are more numerous and grow faster (See figure 1). Pennisetum species is a tall perennial plant, growing to 2 – 6mts tall, rarely up to 7.5 mt. There are many good benefits like this. For instance, if napier grass is harvested at 3.5 m height, the yield may be a little more but the fodder may be of little value to an animal nutrition because it does not constitute a maintenance ration and thus the very purpose of green fodder production is defated. I It is forage for napier grass once harvest and without additional fertilization. That said, napier shouldn’t be used alone as an animal feed, it must be supplemented with other feeds rich in mineral, vitamins and other nutrients. The big battle for SportPesa brand, Why selling hard work to youth is so difficult, How to effectively drive away your customers, We deserve better than Raila Odinga and Uhuru Kenyatta. farmradio.org. The biomass operations team operate 24 hours a day and are responsible for delivering 25 tonnes of biomass per hour to the factory. The stems are also less fibrous than Napier. It is better to conserve napier this way rather than leaving it to overgrow in the field like many farmers do as they wait to use it during dry seasons. Animals can be confined and cut-and-carry of forage mechanism can help goat farmers maximize their lot. While many farm owners and livestock owners are well aware of the benefits of Indian-grown forage and silage like alfalfa, maize, Napier and Super Napier, Hybrid Napier Grass CO5 is a new hybridized grass that offers superior nutrition – for a similar price. Major methods of spreading Napier stunt disease on-farm are: by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s chief scientific in-house research agency. ), also known as ele- phant grass and Merker grass, is a rank-growing perennial which is being used extensively for rotational pastures, as silage, and as a soil-improving crop, in Florida, Hawaii (iO, 11),^ Trinidad (5, 9), and other tropical and semitropical regions. Published on 5 september 2017 In this video i am telling about napier grass. She said this plant was once very popular and widely sought after in Taiwan. Do not plant Napier grass that has stunt disease. Height – 3 to 13 feet (1 to 4 m) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous in cold weather. Kindly provide your details to receive the Newvision Newsletter, The writer works with NARO/NaLiRRI, Tororo, Farmers benefit from artificial insemination tech. He noted that there is no age restriction in planting the Napier grass, as both adult and youth can engage in the production, which is why the grass is being called value chain benefits. Moreover, because both plants are perennial, push–pull conserves the soil’s moisture and improves its health. But it's too soon to know if this causes side effects such as low potassium levels. 13-jul-2020 - Pennisetum purpureum cultivars and hybrids (Elephant grass / Napier grass) are originally from the tropical grasslands of Africa. Between PSC and President, who calls the shots in the Magoha affair? The Napier grass, currently being developed under the auspices of Bacolor Mayor Jomar Hizon, was also originally planted for forage, he revealed recently during a meeting with GE. Napier grass is vulnerable to diseases like Napier stunt and Napier smut diseases. Government ready to improve the quality of... Cwinya-ai wins Kitante Open as Oche leads pros contest, Rugumayo confident of wrapping up TML Golf Series at Kitante, Rugumayo eyes professional move after winning Uganda Open. Its invasive nature also endears it as a good weed control as it can easily outgrow and smother other plants around. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and semi-intensive dairy cattle and goat production systems to meet the increasing demand for milk and meat. Due to limited land, farmers tend to search for Napier grass from other places and in the process transport infected plants from one place to another. Beside the great effects of lady finger in prevent and cure diabetes, it has long list of other benefits. Napier grass, elephant grass or Uganda grass is a favourite of many small holder dairy farmers. Hybrid Napier Grass. This will ensure your dairy cows always have a ready feed. Root of the nut grass plant has been highly valued for many years in traditional Chinese medicine and Indian Ayurvedic medicine for its medicinal qualities. Figure – 2 . Harvest the grass by cutting at five metres above the ground for good re-growth. Name – Pennisetum purpureum x americanum Family – Poaceae Type – grass. Although Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is not popular in the region, it may have good possibilities under intensive management with high manure input. Leaves of some affected plants begin to dry at the edges and have a ‘torn’ appearance. Name – Pennisetum purpureum x americanum Family – Poaceae Type – grass. Additionally, the grass can be used as a hedge around maize plantation and it will serve as a wind breaker. Napier grass is planted in marginal lands and slopes to increase soil fertility and to reduce soil erosion. Napier grass can be propagated from cuttings or from root slips. Subscribe to our newsletter and stay updated on the latest developments and special offers! Guinea grass yields an average of 30 t DM/ha/year (Cook et al., 2005). 1. Figure – 1 . I will not dwell on this grass for the above reasons; that can be done well by my agriculturalists friends like Dr Orek Charles, Kelvin Omondo, Mike Mbakaya and Grace Mureithi. Benefits of Brachiaria Grass. •    The reduction in fodder yield forces farmers to buy grass to compensate for declining production or to reduce the number of animals. •    Plant disease free cuttings or splits And the quality of milk has increased. farmradio.org. August 29, 2020 Posted by: RSIS Team; Category: Biochemistry, IJRIAS; No Comments . Causes and spread of Napier stunt disease, The disease is caused by phytoplasma, microscopic bacteria found in phloem cells of plants and transmitted mainly by insect vectors (leaf and plant hoppers,”:amayanzi”) when they feed on infected plants. It is also … Abstract. Stabilize blood sugar and prevent diabetes . Health benefits of Nut Grass. This review summarizes the literature highlighting the significance of forage crops, the current improvements and some of future directions for improving yield and nutritional quality. Palatability is further enhanced by chopping the foliage and stem either manually using a machete or a chuff cutter. Affected Napier grass plants remain stunted, have short internodes, bunchy appearance and produce very low fodder yields. The advantage of Napier grass is that it propagates easily. And the quality of milk has increased. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and … You can choose to use napier grass as pasture or conserve it as silage or hay. Dr Othieno Joseph | Napier is not suitable for direct grazing since stumping results in poor regeneration. It is however recommended that for maximum use, the cut and carry method is better. I’m a skeptic by nature, so when I first heard about the benefits of Napier COBN5 ( Napier CO5 ) forage and silage from Rivashaa, I decided to do my tests. Napier can also be made into good quality silage and sometimes hay. I’m a skeptic by nature, so when I first heard about the benefits of Napier COBN5 ( Napier CO5 ) forage and silage from Rivashaa, I decided to do my tests. However, the most affected districts are those located around Lake Victoria Crescent areas where zero grazing dairy cattle production is a major enterprise. Hybrid napier grass has been developed as an end result of hybridization between pennisetum americanum, pennisetum purpuperum bajra and pure napier. Results suggested induced toxicity decrease rumen protozoa concentration, plasma calcium and phosphorus level leading to hypocalcemia that resulted … 13-jul-2020 - Pennisetum purpureum cultivars and hybrids (Elephant grass / Napier grass) are originally from the tropical grasslands of Africa. Napier grass also produces a sticky substance like gum that traps the stem borers and eventually kills them. •    Farmers are advised to contact their extension staff or NaLIRRI researchers Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and semi-intensive dairy cattle and goat production systems to meet the increasing demand for milk and meat. Fights against Poisonous Toxins Napier grass. Accelerating Ag Innovation: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the USDA Agricultural Research Service . Napier grass, the nutritious cattle ugali, but is it all your cow needs? While many farm owners and livestock owners are well aware of the benefits of Indian-grown forage and silage like alfalfa, maize, Napier and Super Napier, Hybrid Napier Grass CO5 is a new hybridized grass that offers superior nutrition – for a similar price. used to pay the loan (prime pat + interest) incur red in buying the tractor (120 Hp). MAXIMUM BENEFITS. Benefits of Brachiaria Grass. The yields depend on the cultivar and fertilizer application. Napier grass is also used in integrated pest management strategy as pull crop mainly in maize and sorghum producing areas. Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) Disease management has changed quite easily. Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) can be selected as a primary livestock feed in small to medium scale goat farm.Because farms are limited, typical graze land is 0.5 to 2.0 hectares. •    Farmers have raised the quantities of manure applied per acre by one tone. Tag "Elephant grass/Napier grass" Back To Homepage. It is a very versatile species that can be grown under a wide range of conditions and systems: dry or wet conditions, smallholder or larger scale agriculture. This review summarizes the literature highlighting the significance of forage crops, the current improvements and some of future directions for improving yield and nutritional quality. Do not plant Napier grass that has stunt disease. Despite being some of the most important crops globally, there has been limited research on forages when compared with cereals, fruits, and vegetables. Consider feeding the animal on high protein legumes like desmodium, sweet potatoe vines and calliandra, concentrates and mineral licks in addition to napier to increase milk production.        Flowering – July to October The productivity of elephant grass is also high. Napier grass is one of the neglected lignocellulosic material with high biomass yield compared to other energy grasses such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, typically in the range of 25–35 oven dry tonnes per hectare annually, which corresponds to 100 barrels of oil energy equivalent per hectare. Napier grass, also known as elephant grass, Uganda grass, or pennisetum purpureum, is a tropical grass native to Africa. The yields depend on the cultivar and fertilizer application. (Chemisquy et al., 2010). Mission. Thus, nepier grass is more suitable for large ruminants such as cow. Despite being some of the most important crops globally, there has been limited research on forages when compared with cereals, fruits, and vegetables. Napier grass possesses many desirable characteristics, including high yield per unit area, tolerance to intermittent drought and high water use efficiency [ 2 ], making it a forage of choice. Napier grass has been identified as an important tool in the integrated management of stem borers of maize and sorghum due to its importance as a trap crop for these pests. The writer works with NARO/NaLiRRI, Tororo, Former Makindye East MP to seek court injunction. • Effect of Induced Oxalate Toxicity of Buffalo Calves from Feeding on Napier Grass: Study evaluated the effect of oxalate toxicity on health of male buffalo calves from experimentally induced ad libitum feeding of overgrown Napier grass with deprivation of water. An orthogonal experiment (form L 16 (4 5)) was used to investigate how the soil nematode community (density, diversity, and faunal structure) and soil health were affected by hybrid napiergrass management. Basic Bana grass facts. The grass is widely used for soil and water conservation in hilly slope areas. Adding molasses during ensiling improves fermentation process and makes it a delicacy to livestock. farmradio.org. Napier stunt disease Napier grass has the ability to withstand drought conditions, this coupled with dwindling land size for small dairy holders has made it a preferred choice. Napier grass at this stage has relatively high moisture content and this can be reduced by wilting (exposing them to the sun for one to two hours). Biden won. Bana grass is a particular variety of Pennisetum. Napier grass is vulnerable to diseases like Napier stunt and Napier smut diseases. As a vet, I will focus on it because it is a land mark that you can never miss in any livestock farm, just like ugali in any Kenyan home. I ordered some samples and got an analysis of the protein content, crude fiber content and dry matter content of Rivashaa’s products – and I found they were just as good as advertised! When combined with Desmodium it is an effective biological control agent for the African Maize stem borer through the push and pull technology. Beside the great effects of lady finger in prevent and cure diabetes, it has long list of other benefits. This is more so when you are in a zero grazing arrangement. - Biomass: Grass has low water and nutrient requirements. Napier has good root systems that can cover a wide area and this has made it a master of soil erosion control especially on river banks. Brachiaria is resistant to these diseases. November 26th 2016 at 11:47:05 GMT +0300. MAXIMUM BENEFITS. We have our plantation in Gujarat State, India, where we have cultivated our own unique Hybrid Napier Grass CO5. Native to tropical Africa, napier grass grows as a perennial in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, typically reaching 3 to 4 feet tall. In addition to be used as a trap plant in the push-pull technology, Napier grass is the most important fodder crop in smallholder dairy production systems in East Africa, characterized by small zero grazing units. This process improves digestibility. There are many good benefits like this. Napier grass can withstand heavy grazing, but this must be compensated with good weeding, irrigation during dry seasons and application of nitrogenous fertilisers. It has the ability to withstand repeated cutting and will rapidly regenerate, producing palatable leafy shoots [ 4 ]. The best time to harvest napier is when the grass is about one metre long or three to four months old. It has good dry matter content in addition to other nutrients like proteins. Brachiaria grass produces a lot of forage yearly. It is popular as a feed crop for livestock, and is also useful for attracting pest insects away from important food crops, such as maize. Compared to Napier grass, Hybrid Napier produces numerous leaves. It is a good fodder for animal in low budget. We have our plantation in Gujarat State, India, where we have cultivated our own unique Hybrid Napier Grass CO5. Unfortunately, Napier grass is a heavy feeder with a very high water intake. When the eggs hatch and the small larvae bore into Napier grass/Bracharia grass stems, the plant produces a sticky substance like glue which traps them, and they die. Napier grass is grown along maize or sorghum (in rows or in borders) to reduce the stem borer population. •    Poor agronomic practices If you choose to let animals graze on it directly from the field do it in a rotational manner— bring in animals after three months and then give the grass about a month to sprout thereafter. Napier grass uses nitrogen supplied by Desmodium and therefore saves farmers on costs on top dressing. Health benefits of couch grass. Lady finger serves many benefits to health and its one of super food which should be consumed by people who suffer from diabetes. Napier grass possesses many desirable characteristics, including high yield per unit area, tolerance to intermittent drought and high water use efficiency [ 2 ], making it a forage of choice. It has the ability to withstand repeated cutting and will rapidly regenerate, producing palatable leafy shoots [ 4 ]. How to cite this article: Ana Rochana, Tidi Dhalika, Atun Budiman and Kurnia A. Kamil, 2017. Napier grass is best suited to high rainfall areas, but it is drought-tolerant and can also grow well in drier areas. It is an environmentally friendly and renewable source, with high biomass production at about 40 tons/hectare/year, and harvested 4 to 6 times per year. Factbox: The U.S. presidential election explained in 10 numbers, Dairy farmers decry cost of feeds, milk production costs have hiked, Dairy farmers from Kitiri, Nyandarua learn how a new milk trace ability system helps improve quality, My cow has developed habit of ‘hiding’ milk, Kisumu to build dairy farm to boost milk production, Dairy farmers in Nandi earn Sh 800 million in milk deliveries, Help! (11) Toxicity • Report of fatal nitrate poisonings in cattle fed solely on a diet of Napier grass. I ordered some samples and got an analysis of the protein content, crude fiber content and dry matter content of Rivashaa’s products – and I found they were just as good as advertised! It can be grown along with fodder trees along field boundaries or along contour lines or terrace risers to help control erosion. It takes up a lot of nutrients from the soils and is highly demanding on nutrient recycling/fertilizer application. The milk has increased by 20% to 30% by feeding the livestock and feeding the livestock with super napier grass than the other grass we have given. Police officer in custody for assaulting his boss, Mombasa Principal Magistrate Elvis Michieka dies at Karen hospital, Sh60b Nairobi expressway to be completed early, TSC plans to hire 6,600 interns, train teachers, I would rather resign if being MP will subject me to endless attacks — Caleb Amisi. To personalise content, tailor ads and provide best user experience, we use cookies. Napier grass produces significantly higher levels of attractive volatile compounds (green leaf volatiles), cues used by gravid stemborer females to locate host plants, than maize or sorghum. Leaving napier in the field reduces its utility as it greatly lowers its nutrition level. •    Use recommended agronomic practice (spacing; fertilizer application; proper cutting intervals and cutting heights). It is vulnerable to disease and pest attacks. The writer is a veterinary surgeon working with Kenya Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Council –KENTTEC, What's in a name? Planting Napier grass • Select healthy Napier grass for planting. Bana grass is a particular variety of Pennisetum. The disease is much more severe and prevalent in poorly managed Napier grass fields. •    The institute is producing hay on commercial basis for sale to farmers. Le napier produit aussi une matière gluante comme du chewing-gum qui prend au piège les foreurs des tiges et qui éventuellement les tue. Couch grass has been used for thousands of years now to treat inflamed bladder, water retention, uterine infection, urination that is painful to pass. Disease management has changed quite easily. A grass fed to cattle throughout much of the tropics may become a biofuel crop that helps the nation meet its future energy needs, according to a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientist. The mean CP content of napier grass in this study is within the ranges reported by Muia et al. Napier grass is one of the most important forages used by more than 90% of small-scale farmers as fodder for their cows, sheep and goats. Elephant grass is a staple livestock feed. It has so many tillering ability. Its amazing growth power makes it suitable for many purposes, from tall grass hedge to fuel and fodder. The napier grass then enters the mill (the same as with sugarcane) where it is shredded in preparation for the boilers. By using our site, you agree to use our cookies. Brachiaria grass does not take up lots of nutrients from the soil. It has a soft stem that is easy to cut. The push-pull technology also has significant benefits for dairy farming, since desmodium and Napier grass are both high quality animal fodder plants. is a major tropical grass.It is one of the highest yielding tropical grasses. Check below explanation to know further. Napier grass/Bracharia grass is more attractive to stemborer moths than maize and it 'pulls' the moths to lay their eggs on it. This will ensure your dairy cows always have a ready feed. Napier grass {Pennisetum purpureum Schum. By All Rights Reserved. Guinea grass produces around 1.7-3.1 million seeds/kg (Ecoport, 2009). Brachiaria grass does not take up lots of nutrients from the soil. Morrone was proposed in 2010 as a replacement for Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. Napier grass can withstand heavy grazing, but this must be compensated with good weeding, irrigation during dry seasons and application of nitrogenous fertilisers. My cow has refused to go for long call, Coast drug addicts decry shortage of rehabs and counselling centers, Governors want wider road to boost business at depot, Coca-Cola tears into Plaintiffs evidence in bad soda case, Probe into death of six Nyeri children yields no suspects. Its nutritive value can however vary depending on a number of factors key among them how it is cared for in the field, how it is prepared on farm or how it is conserved. Flowering – July to October Adsorbent Material from Grafting Polymethylacrylate unto Methylcellulose from Elephant (Napier) Grass Cellulose. Farmers have needed to rely on the “cut and carry” method, meaning they have had to cut the grass at its original location and then transport it back to their farm. The push–pull effect is established by exploiting semiochemicals to repel insect pests from the crop (‘push’) and to attract them into trap crops (‘pull’) e.g. Some of the medicinal uses of nut grass are described below: 1. Pennisetum species is a tall perennial plant, growing to 2 – 6mts tall, rarely up to 7.5 mt. The major threat to adoption and expansion of the push-pull technology, and to the smallholder dairy industry, is the stunt disease of Napier grass . Napier is also easy to propagate. napier grass health benefits. Guinea grass yields an average of 30 t DM/ha/year (Cook et al., 2005). The benefits of yield increase will be . Listed below are some of the popular health benefits of using couch grass. 1. Hybid napier is a bait plant with a life of 2-3 years. For instance, unfertilized Guinea grass yields around 7t DM/ha while N-fertilized pastures can yield up to 42t/ha (Hongthong Phimmasan, 2005). Ouma and South Africa varieties are the best varieties of Napier grass for use in Push-pull because they are resistant to Napier stunt. Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) Yellow/purple streaking starting at leaf tips.

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