These concentrations were well above the statistical limits of detection (3 times the standard error of the blank) of 0.42 ppb for cadmium and 0.33 ppb for lead and limits of quantitation (10 times the standard error of the blank) of 1.4 ppb for cadmium and 1.1 ppb for lead. See your APA manual, textbook and the sample paper for examples of how to cite and how to make a reference list. The introduction describes why the results needed to be obtained, the methods how they were obtained and the discussion explains the results. However, we acknowledge that there are considerable discussions among researchers as to __ The result is equal to or better than a result that is currently accepted. A popular explanation is that __ Results and discussion thesis example for chinua achebe essay on heart of darkness Posted by human resources management essays on 9 August 2020, 6:22 pm B a barbell with an emphasis on italian renaissance art as fundamentally social and, with the correct question for contemporary feminism example thesis results and discussion. Academic Writing Resources – Academic PhraseBank | Academic Vocabulary & Word Lists, Academic Phrases for Writing Introduction Section of a Research Paper, Academic Phrases for Writing Abstract Section of a Research Paper, Scholarly Paraphrasing Tool and Essay Rewriter for Rewording Academic Papers - Ref-N-Write: Scientific Research Paper Writing Software Tool - Improve Academic English Writing Skills, Academic Phrases for Writing Conclusion Section of a Research Paper. Figure 2 Standard Addition plot showing Cd and Pb peak area vs. the total concentration of Cd and Pb added to the cigarette sample solution. Extensive results carried out show that this method improves __ Results. Don’t just repeat all the data you have already reported – aim for a clear statement of the overall result that directly answers your main research question. The discussion section aims to: state Be sure to include negative results and highlight potential limitations of the paper. This is an important finding in the understanding of the __ The results lead to similar conclusion where __ One concern about the findings of __ was that __ It is worth discussing these interesting facts revealed by the results of __ Discussion section of research paper example. • Function of discussion is to : Interpret results in light of what was already known about the subject and Explain new understanding of the problem after taking results into consideration. One limitation of our implementation is that it is __, A major source of limitation is due to __, The approach utilised suffers from the limitation that __, It suffers from the same limitations associated with a __. The result of this analysis is then compared with the __, The applicability of these new results are then tested on __. Example B is an example from a poorly written results section. This should be no more than one paragraph. Hi, would like to clarify if that is “casual” or “causal”? This is particularly important when investigating __ Results • Tells about outcomes/findings of the research study. This suggests that __ This yields increasingly good results on data. We showed that __ This yields increasingly good results on data. In the above example, it may be more important to discuss the relationships between composition, strength and flexibility of individual samples than it is to compare the features of all four samples. The results and discussion sections are one of the challenging sections to write. 37 CHAPTER 3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION This Chapter discusses the findings of the research. Alternatively, it could simply mean that __ We tried to designate a team leader but it … A difference between these __ can only be attributable to __ We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. The results are substantially better than __ It suffers from the same limitations associated with a __, 4. At this stage of understanding, we believe__ Slightly superior results are achieved with our algorithm. The present study confirmed the findings about __ Stage 2 Summarise your results (can combine with Stage 1). Another limitation in __ involves the issue of __ While writing their research papers, many researchers are sligthly unclear about what they should include in the Results and Discussions sections. Results/Findings The Results (or Findings) section follows the Methods and precedes the Discussion section. The implications of these findings are discussed in __ Example discussion from the cholesterol report: Stage 1 Relate your results to the aims of the experiment. Superior results are seen for __ It presents some limitations such as __ The results confirm that this a good choice for __ While writing their research papers, many researchers are sligthly unclear about what they should include in the Results and Discussions sections. These sections can be written as a combined section or as different sections. This is where the authors provide the data collected during their study. Advanced students that were designing their own experiments (the Active Learning variant) can implement these options without much difficulty using the VAS software. Pingback: Scholarly Paraphrasing Tool and Essay Rewriter for Rewording Academic Papers - Ref-N-Write: Scientific Research Paper Writing Software Tool - Improve Academic English Writing Skills. Second, __ Discussion Phrases Guide Papers usually end with a concluding section, often called the “Discussion.” The Discussion is your opportunity to evaluate and interpret the results of your study or paper, draw inferences and conclusions from it, and communicate its contributions to science and/or society. This delivers significantly better results due to __ Even though we did not replicate the previously reported __, our results suggest that __ The results and discussion sections are one of the challenging sections to write. Others have shown that __ improves __ We tried to get a solution, but we just argued all the time. It remains unclear to which degree __ are attributed to __ This section should highlight significant or interesting findings along with P values for statistical tests. We have made the tutorials short and informative. This introduces a possible confound in __ Keeping results and discussion separate, on the other hand, allows you to discuss all of the results at one time. Small, but clearly visible Cd and Pb peaks (occurring at -0.65V and -0.45V respectively) indicate that both cadmium and lead were present in the solution sample (a 1 mL aliquot of the cigarette extract in 20 mL of the CLAC electrolyte). This implies that __ is associated with __ Click here for more information! Both of the latter alternative stripping methods provide higher sensitivity and better resolution than the linear-scan method, but the square-wave method has a higher throughput. However, even better results are achieved when using our algorithm. This delivers significantly better results due to __. Make sure each figure has a relevant and detailed title, and a short explanation that describes what each figure represents. The result of this analysis is then compared with the __ The applicability of these new results are then tested on __ This section summarises the findings and contributions made. It includes material which does not belong to the results section such as interpretation and discussion; it focuses on the Figures representing the results, rather than the results themselves and it does not introduce and refer to the Figures correctly. Required fields are marked *. Thank you very much! These results go beyond previous reports, showing that __ There should not be any discussion in the results section (that goes in the discussion section). Although widely accepted, it suffers from some limitations due to __ A further novel finding is that __ This has been used to successfully account for __ Missed the LibreFest? This will give you a head start with REF-N-WRITE. It performs well, giving good results. Because of this potential limitation, we treat __ Use subsections and subheadings to improve readability and clarity. A standard format is used for these articles in which the An electrolyte blank (nominally free of Cd and Pb) was performed prior to running the sample and was used for background subtraction. These are very small and difficult to observe. Our results demonstrated that __ Results section is just a presentation of the data. It leads to good results, even if the improvement is negligible. This infographic explains the five main differences between these two sections of a manuscript. The body of a report is made up of four parts, the Introduction, the Methods, the Results, and the Discussion section. Results demonstrate that this is not necessarily true. As discussed, this is due to the fact that __ Of HECM 2. You present the results, show the analysis, and interpret the outcome of the analysis. Another promising finding was that __ Results and discussion are essential sections of your original research article. Chapter 4 Key Findings and Discussion 108 ‘six designers got together. (We ask the students to conduct the analysis and present the data in Excel so that they can do an error analysis using the Regression in the Data Analysis Toolpak, available from the Excel AddIns.) Thanks for making it! This gives clearly better results than __, The results confirm that this a good choice for __. The Results section of a scientific research paper represents the core findings of a study derived from the methods applied to gather and analyze information These are very small and difficult to observe. The discussion can start with a summary of the aims and the results (write about x-fold or % changes rather than just repeating the results) You should try to explain the results, but only within the context of the study - integrating swags of theory into the discussion is not necessary and leads to rambling reports. We obtain good results with this simple method. Regarding the limitations of __, it could be argued that __ Nonetheless, we believe that it is well justified to __ The results are substantially better than __, The results lead to similar conclusion where __, Extensive results carried out show that this method improves __. In contrast, this makes it possible to __ Figure 1 shows representative data obtained by students from a commercially available cigarette brand. Deductive Arguments: Therefore, it remains unclear whether __ An electrolyte blank (nominally free of Cd and Pb) was performed prior to running the sample and was used for background subtraction. Contrary to the findings of __ we did not find __ Introduction section should provide the reader with a brief…, An abstract is a self-contained and short synopsis that describes a larger work. We speculate that this might be due to __ The adhesion strength per unit width of You’re getting there. This is indicative for lack of __ Your email address will not be published. A seasonal air transport climatology for southern Africa is presented. The Discussion section must follow out of your results and relate to your literature review. There are reasons to doubt this explanation of __ By comparing the results from __, we hope to determine __ First, __. When writing a dissertation or thesis, the outcomes and discussion sections could be both most fascinating along with The results demonstrate two things. Overview | Abstract | Introduction | Literature Review | Materials & Methods | Results & Discussion | Conclusion & Future Work | Acknowledgements & Appendix. Chapter 4 Results and Discussion 46 Three-bolt, one-row connections were exposed to a displacem ent controlled cyclic protocol as described in Section 3.5.1, where ∆=0.44 in. This result ties well with previous studies wherein __ This is important because there is __ The results section is the part of the scientific paper around which everything else is built. It is difficult to explain such results within the context of __ The results of the experiment found clear support for the __ There should not be any discussion in the results section (that goes in the discussion section). When comparing our results to those of older studies, it must be pointed out that __ Results and discussions can either be combined into one section or organized as separate sections depending on the requirements of the journal to which you are submitting your research paper. Four successive standard additions (“spikes”) of 3.0 μL of 10 ppm Cd/Pb standard were then executed. Just a small amount of writing to go from this point. Discussion The discussion section of a report interprets the results of the research. The results demonstrated in this chapter match state of the art methods. Results and Discussion Presented By: Shalini Pandey M.Sc. However, when comparing our results to those of older studies, it must be pointed out __ It is unlikely that __ The qualitative part of the case study was developed by … At this stage of understanding, we believe__, A difference between these __ can only be attributable to __, Nonetheless, we believe that it is well justified to __, This may raise concerns about __ which can be addressed by __, As discussed, this is due to the fact that __. In this section, we will illustrate some experimental results. Watch the recordings here on Youtube! This infographic explains the five main differences between these two sections of a manuscript. They have demonstrated that __ However, even better results are achieved when using our algorithm. This may raise concerns about __ which can be addressed by __ This appears to be a case of __ References: Use APA style. Example Results and Discussion Last updated Save as PDF Page ID 59704 No headers Figure 1 shows representative data obtained by students from a commercially available cigarette brand. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION This chapter presents the results and discussion of the methods outlined in the previous chapter. • presents the data and findings, ordered/analyzed in ways justified earlier (methodology) • past tense is a feature here (usually) • de Example Results and Discussion Last updated; Save as PDF Page ID 59704; No headers. Please check out our training videos. In addition, several questions remain unanswered. For example, I am doing qualitative longitudinal (hence, quite bit of findings) and if I do combine my baseline/follow-up results with discussion, i think it would look messy. The standard addition extrapolation method was applied by the VAS software and also via extraction of the peak area data from VAS followed by analysis in IGOR Pro 6.34A as shown in Figure 2. How to write the results and discussion Michael P. Dosch CRNA MS June 2009 Results Be happy! Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Results/Discussion Writing a Lab Report (Chemistry) Introduction Bold or underline, no indentation The introduction should present the concept being investigated and provide background information. The date is 7 december. The result now provides evidence to __ 2. It is important to highlight the fact that __ This gives clearly better results than __ It is important to highlight the fact that __, An important question associated with __ is __, This implies that __ is associated with __, There were also some important differences in __, In contrast, this makes it possible to __, This is particularly important when investigating __, This has been used to successfully account for __, This introduces a possible confound in __, However, we acknowledge that there are considerable discussions among researchers as to __, We speculate that this might be due to __, There are reasons to doubt this explanation of __, It remains unclear to which degree __ are attributed to __, It is important to note, that the present evidence relies on __, The results show that __ does not seem to impact the __, However, the extent to which it is possible to __ is unknown, Alternatively, it could simply mean that __, It is difficult to explain such results within the context of __, It is unclear whether this is a suitable for __, From this standpoint, __ can be considered as __, Under certain assumptions, this can be construed as __. This will not be biased by __ Overall, our method was the one that obtained the most robust results. In line with previous studies __ It includes material which does not belong to the results section such as interpretation and discussion; it focuses on the Figures representing the results, rather than the results themselves and it does not introduce and refer to the Figures correctly. In addition, several questions remain unanswered. These findings support the notion that __ is not influenced by __ In all tests the bolts remained straight and pivoted Here we compare the results of the proposed method with those of the traditional methods. One limitation is found in this case. Present your results as figures and tables and point the reader to relevant items while discussing the results. Results and discussion 1. Planned comparisons revealed that __ It leads to good results, even if the improvement is negligible. This often makes up for a great discussion section, so do not be afraid to highlight them. Results and Discussion May be separated into two sections. These basic findings are consistent with research showing that __ the results of the study in brief (no numbers, just words) a hint about the general direction the discussion section takes . Results & Discussion page 3 present your central results in a figure, if possible, to provide your audience with a clear, visual way of considering and remembering your findings. Read this article to effectively separate the two sections. There are several limitations to this approach. Limitations of your work: There are several limitations to this approach. In the above example, it may be more important to discuss the relationships between composition, strength and From the results, it is clear that __ Example of Discussion in Lab Report Here is an extract from a discussion section taken from a lab report. From these results it is clear that __ Chapter 3 Results and discussion 30 peel force shown in Figure 3.1.1a also represents an example of cohesive peeling, whereas an example of adhesive peeling is shown in Figure 3.1.1b. Because of this potential limitation, we treat __ Results Interpreting figures/tables This is where any figures and tables should be displayed. Figure 1 Voltammograms (different colored traces) from a representative cigarette sample and four successive standard additions of a mixed 10 ppm Cd and Pb standard. The results and discussion section of your research paper should include the following: 1. 7th Edition Discussion Phrases Guide Papers usually end with a concluding section, often called the “Discussion.” The Discussion is your opportunity to evaluate and interpret the results of your study or paper, draw inferences and Here we compare the results of the proposed method with those of the traditional methods. Casual arguments: The results section is the part of the scientific paper around which everything else is built. The approach utilised suffers from the limitation that __ It provides an analysis of customers’ behavioral patterns with an aim to identify smartphone models within a reasonable price to be procured for the company employees. To optimize the measurement for lower levels of metals, a larger quantity of sample (i.e., using more cigarettes) could be extracted. An important question associated with __ is __ This analysis found evidence for __ This is an excellent collection of phrases for effective writing, Your email address will not be published. Legal. It is notable that __ This result highlights that little is known about the __ First, __. The limitations of the present studies naturally include __ Start this chapter by reiterating your research problem and concisely summarizing your major findings. A similar conclusion was reached by __ A similar pattern of results was obtained in __ Ensure that your results are presented in the best order to focus on objectives and prepare readers for interpretations, valuations, and recommendations in the Discussion section. Overall, our method was the one that obtained the most robust results. The findings are directly in line with previous findings The expected increase in peak area and height were observed during the spiking procedure. You will be criticised by the reviewers if you don’t discuss the shortcomings of your research. Slightly superior results are achieved with our algorithm.
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