prodromal questionnaire brief child version

prodromal questionnaire brief child version

Objective:To examine the construct validity and psychometric properties of a measure of PLEs, the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version (PQ-BC). Childhood psychoticlike experiences (PLEs) are associated with greater odds of a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder during adulthood. Loewy  SS, Heaton Weintraub  R, Caspi Polanczyk  RJ, van Os Laurens  DM, Lighty Higher PQ-BC scores were associated with higher rates of child-rated internalizing symptoms (Total score: β range, 0.218 [95% CI, 0.189-0.246] to 0.273 [95% CI, 0.245-0.301]; Distress score: β range, 0.248 [95% CI, 0.220-0.277] to 0.310 [95% CI, 0.281-0.338]), neuropsychological test performance deficits such as working memory (Total score: β = −0.042 [95% CI, −0.077 to −0.008]; Distress score: β = −0.051 [95% CI, −0.086 to −0.017]), and motor and speech developmental milestone delays (Total score: β = 0.057 [95% CI, 0.026-0.086] for motor; β = 0.042 [95% CI, 0.010-0.073] for speech; Distress score: β = 0.048 [95% CI, 0.017-0.079] for motor; β = 0.049 [95% CI, 0.018-0.081] for speech).  P, Abbott  LH,  A, Tanii  I, Delespaul  JM, Laurens Family history of depression was not significantly associated with PQ-BC Total (2.798 [0.121]; β = 0.022; 95% CI, −0.010 to 0.055) or Distress (6.536 [0.360]; β = 0.032 95% CI, −0.001 to 0.064) scores; similar findings applied to a family history of mania for the PQ-BC Total (3.102 [0.248]; β = 0.004; 95% CI, −0.029 to 0.036) and Distress (7.152 [0.735]; β = 0.014; 95% CI, −0.017 to 0.046) scores (these results remained consistent when the depression and mania groups excluded individuals with a family history of psychosis) (Figure and eTable 4 in the Supplement).  et al. Higher PQ-BC scores were associated with higher rates of child-rated internalizing symptoms (Total score: β range, 0.218 [95% CI, 0.189-0.246] to 0.273 [95% CI, 0.245-0.301]; Distress score: β range, 0.248 [95% CI, 0.220-0.277] to 0.310 [95% CI, 0.281-0.338]), neuropsychological test performance deficits such as working memory (Total score: β = -0.042 [95% CI, -0.077 to -0.008]; Distress score: β = -0.051 [95% CI, -0.086 to -0.017]), and motor and speech developmental milestone delays (Total score: β = 0.057 [95% CI, 0.026-0.086] for motor; β = 0.042 [95% CI, 0.010-0.073] for speech; Distress score: β = 0.048 [95% CI, 0.017-0.079] for motor; β = 0.049 [95% CI, 0.018-0.081] for speech).  S, Kaneko  J, Birmaher Barch  L, Cadenhead Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. Childhood psychoticlike experiences (PLEs) are associated with greater odds of a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder during adulthood. ABCD consortium investigators designed and implemented the study and/or provided data but did not necessarily participate in analysis or writing of this report. 2020.  et al.  et al.  |  Furthermore, processing speed deficits in childhood are associated with psychotic experiences in adolescence,66 and research indicates that processing speed deficits are a central deficit of psychosis risk.36, Last, this study also replicated the associations between PLEs and delays in developmental milestones.  J, Lewis Institutional review board approval was obtained for each site before data collection. An item response theory analysis of the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version: Developing a screening form that informs understanding of self-reported psychotic-like experiences in childhood.  et al. The study analyses included 3984 participants (1885 girls [47.3%] and 2099 boys [52.7%]; mean [SE] age, 10.0 [0.01] years). Evidence of construct validity was found, with higher scores associated with a family history of psychotic disorder (and not depression or mania), greater internalizing symptoms, neuropsychological test performance deficits, and developmental milestone delays. Kelleher  H, Hutchinson  G, Owen The results demonstrated measurement invariance across race/ethnicity and sex. Erlenmeyer-Kimling  K, Banerjea Measurement invariance of the Prodromal Questionnaire–Brief among white, Asian, Hispanic, and multiracial populations  [published online January 1, 2017]. The 16-item Version of the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16) If TRUE: how much distress did you experience?  L, Rock Karcher NR, Shiffman JE, Barch DM.  et al. Dhossche Etiological and clinical features of childhood psychotic symptoms: results from a birth cohort. Yamasaki Importance:  et al.  C, Fisher Epub 2020 Mar 19. Assessment of the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version for Measurement of Self-reported Psychoticlike Experiences in Childhood. Khyati Brahmbhatt, MD, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, assisted in the creation of the Prodromal Questionnaire–Brief Child Version Distress scale. (2011) 13 developed a Brief 21-item version (PQ-B), focusing on the positive symptom items of the PQ-92, since they are the essential ones for interview-based diagnoses of symptomatic prodromal syndromes (i.e. OBJECTIVE To examine the construct validity and psychometric properties of a measure of PLEs, the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version (PQ-BC).  et al. Addington  KS,  G,  CE, Cannon The Prodromal Questionnaire–Brief version (PQ-B) is a validated, 21-item questionnaire that assesses the presence of psychotic-like experiences in adults and adolescents. Laurens Concept and design: Karcher, Barch, Avenevoli, Leckliter, Loewy. Weintraub  F, Faraone Age-related volumetric change of limbic structures and subclinical anxious/depressed symptomatology in typically developing children and adolescents. Evidence that onset of clinical psychosis is an outcome of progressively more persistent subclinical psychotic experiences: an 8-year cohort study. Lewandowski This site needs JavaScript to work properly.  LM.  RC.  S.  Psychotic-like experiences and other antecedents of schizophrenia in children aged 9-12 years: a comparison of ethnic and migrant groups in the United Kingdom. Language, motor and speed of processing deficits in adolescents with subclinical psychotic symptoms.  EA. An item response theory analysis of the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version: Developing a screening form that informs understanding of self-reported psychotic-like experiences in childhood Average motion is defined as average framewise displacement. National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), I: background and measures. Another limitation of the present study is that measures of PLEs other than the PQ-BC were obtained via parent report, which potentially limited the strength of associations between child-rated PQ-BC and other parent-rated measures.  M, Arango Attention, memory, and motor skills as childhood predictors of schizophrenia-related psychoses: the New York High-Risk Project. These results provide support for the construct validity and demonstrate adequate psychometric properties of a self-report instrument designed to measure childhood PLEs, providing evidence that the PQ-BC may be a useful measure of early risk for psychotic …  M.  Prevalence of psychotic symptoms in childhood and adolescence: a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based studies.  RM, Hodgins doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.1334. Association of neurocognition with transition to psychosis: baseline functioning in the second phase of the North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study. To examine the construct validity and psychometric properties of a measure of PLEs, the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version (PQ-BC). Sex differences in magical ideation: a community-based twin study. NIH Toward earlier identification and preventative intervention in schizophrenia: evidence from the London Child Health and Development Study.  JA, Cotton The study cohort comprised 10,328 children aged 9 to 11 years. Associations between psychotic-like experiences and mental health status and other psychopathologies among Japanese early teens.  R, Wittchen  MM, Jacobson  P, The ABCD data repository grows and changes over time; data used in this report came from DOI 10.15154/1412097.  D, Kessler  D, Ferdinand  R, Vinogradov The configural model showed good fit in terms of comparative fit index (0.979 for PQ-BC Total and 0.978 for PQ-BC Distress) and root mean square error of approximation scores (0.025 [95% CI, 0.023-0.028] for PQ-BC Total and 0.026 [95% CI, 0.024-0.028] for PQ-BC Distress), suggesting that a similar factor structure was present across groups for both PQ-BC scores. Family history of psychotic disorder was associated with higher PQ-BC mean (SE) Total (3.883 [0.352]; β = 0.061; 95% CI, 0.027-0.094) and Distress (10.210 [1.043]; β = 0.051; 95% CI, 0.018-0.084) scores. The weaker associations found between the PQ-BC and other PLE measures may be the consequence of using relatively limited measures of PLEs (ie, the CBCL has 4 questions, and the KSADS detects more severe psychotic symptoms), perhaps reducing the variability of reported experiences.

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