Sri Lanka has one of the strongest economies in South Asia, with a GDP of $234 billion US (2015 estimate), a per capita GDP of $11,069, and a 7.4% annual growth rate. It was probably the Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama in 1498 (and on into the early 16th century) who is most credited with discovering a sea route from the Indies back to Europe; a sea route that also connected the fabled Spice Islands of Indonesia and the Port of Galle in Sri Lanka. Cinnamon, which is native to Sri Lanka, has been found in archaeological digs in Egypt and it is believed that the cherished spice was used as an embalming agent more than two thousand years ago. Archaeology also alludes to an Arabic spice trade with Sri Lanka long before the 7th century. 75% of Sri Lankans are Sinhalese (mostly Buddhist), and the food generally described as Sri Lankan is their food. Country was known as “Ceylon” until 1972. Myristica fragrans is, in fact, the only tree in the world that produces two separate spices. Ceylon Spices are valued highly and recognized by the whole world due to its own uniqueness by the taste, tenacious aroma & pure natural health benefits. Apart from cinnamon, Sri Lanka produces all sorts of other spices, some of which are also used for natural Ayurvedic remedies. One is … Sri Lankan spice has been available in Europe for centuries, albeit in conservative quantities and extremely expensive; making it out of reach of most of the commoners. The geography, location and local climate have culminated in the abundance of a rich, rare blend of spices that is a legacy in itself. They have gathered meat and wrapped them up in the leaves of bushes in the forest accidentally discovering that this movement has enhanced the taste of the meat. Nutmeg and Mace are two separate spices derived from the fruit of tree Myristica fragrans of the family Myristicaceae. Sri Lanka gained independence from Britain in 1948, but the spice industry never managed to recover. They purposely kept the source of their products as a secret intentionally being the monopoly in the trade until European explorers discovered a sea route to the new lands in East. During British rule, coffee, and later tea plantations, were introduced particularly in the higher elevation areas of Sri Lanka, most notably the Kandy area. But a more accurate description of the gorgeous nation might be the Island of Rice and Curry. We are the successor to Ceylon Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research (CISIR) and comes under the purview of the Ministry of Technology and Research and is accredited as per ISO 17025:2005 and conforms to ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management Standards. There is an old adage that “the last straw broke the camel’s back” and in reference to the Arabic spice caravans it was the great Master Mariners of Europe who provided that last straw. 5 Spice-related Historical Facts about Sri Lanka Sri Lanka, historically renowned under names such as Tabrobane, Serendib and Ceylon, was famous for its high quality spices throughout history. Sri Lankan food comes to the Seattle area thanks to a James Beard-nominated chef and a new restaurant on the Eastside. A common comment is that the spice industry could also be revitalised, perhaps surpassing the productivity of tea, however the government is criticised for paying only rudimentary notice to the spice industry, despite the fact that 80% of spice cultivation is attributed to small farmers. Sri Lanka is famous for its spices and spices gardens.These spice gardens offers tourists memorable visits to various spice plantations in Sri Lanka.In order to promote and uplift spice growing and spice gardens of Sri Lanka a spice council was established with all key industry private and public sector stakeholders. Sri Lanka (Ceylon) is the land of spices in the Indian ocean with the spices which are with rich flavors and aroma that is distinct only to Ceylon. The purpose of their expedition was to establish a trading post dedicated primarily to spices, gems, and ivory. Dairy products and tamarind are used to provide sour flavors. Sri Lanka’s history is a source of great pride to both Sinhalese and Tamils, the country’s two largest ethnic groups. The fruit contains a hard pit, which is a nutmeg, while the lacy red membrane which surrounds it is called mace. Over 50% of Sri Lankan agricultural exports consist of spices and herbs. The generous mixture of “exquisite” spices which is an inherent part of the Island’s dining tradition, prudently requires the accompaniment of a likewise generous supply of drinking water, lest one should experience an “oral assault” equivalent the “aural assault” that John Keay described in the Hambantota spice market. However the war ended in about 2010 and areas of the country that were inaccessible have become accessible to Sri Lankans and foreigners alike. These natural caves are rich in remains of prehistoric culture. The pioneer Scientific Research & Development organization in Sri Lanka. Food from Sri Lanka ️ The Teardrop of India or Pearl of the Indian Ocean are among many nicknames for Sri Lanka. The Dutch eventually granted autonomy to parts of Sri Lanka but not before securing a monopoly of the precious spice trade. Industries are growing, and commerce is on an upswing. This place is amazing, with so many type of colourful curries. Over 50% of Sri Lankan agricultural exports consist of spices and herbs. Sri Lankan Spices The ‘Spice Island’ came to be as a result of Sri Lanka’s climatic conditions allowing for a variety of spices to be grown on the Island’s soils. Sri Lanka is a country rich in spices. Sri Lanka, once known as Ceylon by the British or Taprobane by the ancient Greeks, has a history that dates back to 500 BC. Historian Keay also wrote in colourful detail about the expeditions of Chinese explorer Cheng-ho, apparently a Muslim naval commander of great renown, who was a eunuch. It has made kings conquerors. History of Sri Lanka is fascinating as the country itself. Cheng-ho served as Commander of a fleet of three hundred and seventeen ships with twenty eight thousand men. The expeditions began in 1409 and continued until 1420, all during the reign of Ming Dynasty Emperor Yung Lo. There are several of these caves including the well known Batadomba-lena, the old… By the 1400’s the European mariners had convinced their Royal Masters that flotillas could replace camels, and unbeknown to the ruthless traders, the mariners began to hone their knowledge of sextant navigation. Making liberal use of local fruit, such as coconut and jackfruit, seafood and an arsenal of spices, Sri Lankan c Parippu (dhal curry) Parippu, or dhal curry, is the most common curry in all of Sri Lankan cuisine, a … The history of spices and herbs is THE HISTORY OF TRADE Sri Lanka, historically renowned under names such as Tabrobane, Serendib and Ceylon, was famous for its high-quality spices throughout history. Many years ago, the country had a strong culture and heritage and it was ruled by the kings for many generations. The Portuguese, Dutch and English colonization of Sri Lanka began because they found the country is very attractive among the other Asian countries for the reason they wanted to have the power to control the spice trade. Sri Lankan Spices and Allied products Suppliers export the most sought-after cinnamon, pepper, cloves, cardamoms, nutmeg, mace and vanilla. The British thereafter lost interest in coffee cultivation and turned their agricultural attention to tea plantations. The cigar-shaped, highly aromatic, sweet, strong and endearing Cinnamon quills captured the delight of the European nation when it … Vasco de Gama’s success as an explorer led to the Portuguese invasion of Sri Lanka in 1536; the invasion later influenced a treaty between Portugal and Sri Lanka that included a tribute of 110,000 pounds of cinnamon paid each year to Portugal by the Sinhalese King. There is a story behind the early invention of spices unintentionally by hunters. Then the use of spices spread throughout the Middle East and then via Mediterranean Sea to Europe. Sri Lanka is well known all over the world for its rare and high quality spices and herbs. Spices and Spices Gardens in Sri Lanka. While its formally recorded history began over 2500 years ago, it was in the sixteenth century that Ceylon, as … Chicken and fish is very popular meat used in curries, but beef and mutton are also available. Also called true cinnamon, this is the crop that put Sri Lanka on the spice map. The spice trade was monopolised by the Arabic and North African traders who demanded as much as seven fattened oxen for a pound of the exotic commodity; as a matter of fact a pound of spice was considered more valuable than a pound of gold. Ancient Sri Lanka traded extensively with the Arabs, Greeks and Romans and has shaped their cultures through the many different uses of Sri Lankan spices. Sri Lankan spice has been available in Europe for centuries, albeit in conservative quantities and extremely expensive; making it out of reach of most of the commoners. A renowned name in the international spices market, Watttakgoda Spices has kept your trust for more than four decades, especially as an exporter of Ceylon Cinnamon, since the turn of the millennium.. When spices became a valuable item and gained more demand amongst the society it has been one of the significant material in the trade history in ancient and medieval times. The archaeological discovery of human colonization in Sri Lanka appears at the site of Balangoda. Copyright © 2020 The Spice Journal The abundance of these culinary treasures attracted the attention of many western nations throughout history who wished to source from Sri Lanka’s spice market. Trust & Reliability. They were valued such as gold and gems during the Middle Ages. Probably the most used junk food in Sri Lanka. There was a flourishing coffee industry until the 1870’s when blight destroyed the entire coffee crop. Many international businessmen who travel to Sri Lanka are reminded by their wives and paramours “don’t forget to bring back spices”. The History of Sri Lanka and the History of Spice are interwoven to the extent that it leaves one to wonder whether Sri Lanka was discovered because of spice, or whether Spice was discovered because of Sri Lanka. And this list of things […] Sri Lanka - Sri Lanka - History: Sri Lanka has had a continuous record of human settlement for more than two millennia, and its civilization has been shaped largely by that of the Indian subcontinent. There is also Biblical reference (Proverbs 7, 16 – 19) of cinnamon being used as fragrance in Jerusalem sometime during the 3rd or 4th millennia BC. Sri Lankan curries are usually hot, sprinkled with lot of spices. One hundred years later the Dutch captured Sri Lanka and are said to be the first settlers to systematically cultivate cinnamon, a practice that is apparently still in use today. The present government has done a credible job in providing policy and impetus to help revitalise many of the war-torn industries, and in steering the country toward fiscal stability. Famous historian and author, John Keay, mentions Sri Lanka in the opening paragraph of “The Spice Route – a history” wherein he describes the “clashing aromas” of a spice market in Hambantota as “rasping the sinuses with the olfactory equivalent of an aural assault of massed brass bands attuning their instruments”. Follow me today as I visit the temple of spices in #SriLanka: The best spice shack in #Galle City ! Sri Lanka, the pearl of the Indian Ocean, has been the centre of the spice trade throughout history. Later many of these traders migrated to Jaffna and established another flourishing port on the northern coast of the Island. Sri Lankan Spices History of Spices Spices which we take today for granted have once been the biggest trade in the world. Gourmand visitors to Sri Lanka, particularly the uninitiated in ultra-pungent cuisine, should be wary when indulging in Sinhalese and Tamil specialties. Sri Lankan rice and curry usually includes a variety of small curry dishes made of vegetable, meat, and fish. They made several voyages from the Fujan Province of China, sailing to Sri Lanka by way of Vietnam and Java.
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