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28, 42, 56。花期は6~9月。. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=105708, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=134475, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=47903, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=47885, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomygenus.aspx?id=12680, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomygenus.aspx?id=14656, http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=gn&name=Glandularia, http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=Glandularia~aristigera, http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=Verbena~incompta, http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.25224/1097-993X-2.1.55, https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=KLPcml_QiFQC&pg=PA43&lpg=PA43&dq=Glandularia+peruviana+flora+of&source=bl&ots=X4fq5zo_OC&sig=R4w2a1o1RWXjMfW37BwKLVkF6wc&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjj8u3D7oHdAhVDIIgKHWyDDLk4ChDoATABegQICBAB#v=onepage&q=Glandularia%20peruviana%20flora%20of&f=false, https://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/subject.html?sub=14024, https://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/subject.html?sub=6988, http://www.phytoneuron.net/PhytoN-Verbclassification.pdf, http://syokubutukensaku.o.oo7.jp/ZukensakuVerbena%20brasiliensis.pdf, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=242430965. 多年草、高さ30~80(140)㎝。茎や葉に細かい短毛があるか又は類無毛。茎は上部で枝分かれし、断面は四角形、うねがあり、基部は木質。葉は長さ2~8㎝、幅1~5㎝の卵形~惰円形~ダイヤモンド形、紙質、粗毛があり、とくに下面の脈上に多く、縁は粗い歯状又はときに深く羽状中裂~浅裂する。下部の葉は3裂し、さらに羽状に深裂する。葉脈は深く、上部の葉は真ん中でやや内折れする。葉柄は長さ0.3~4㎝。穂状花序は長く、細く、果時に10~25㎝。花序柄は長く、穂状花序が1~3個又は緩い円錐花序状につく。苞は長さ1.5㎜以下、卵状尖鋭形、縁毛がある。咢は長さ2~3㎜、腺があり、有毛、ほぼ切形、わずかに小さい歯がある。花冠は淡紅紫色で5裂し、上側2個は小さく、下側の3個が大きい。花冠筒部は長さ3㎜以下、拡大部は幅約4㎜(花径)、裂片はほぼ円形。。花軸や萼に腺毛が多い。果実は4分果、萼に包まれる。分果は長さ1.5~2㎜、赤褐色、背面に4又は5本の縦の肋がある。2n=14, It is usually gathered from the wild both for local use and for sale, but is sometimes also cultivated. Some species formerly called verbenas now form part of the closely related genus Glandularia, which consists mainly of trailing plants with globular inflorescences. It grows up to 70 cm high, with an upright habitus. Because of the association with the Passion of Christ, it came to be used in ointments to drive out and repel "demonic" illness. Hazlitt's Faiths and Folklore (1905) quotes Aubrey's Miscellanies (1721): "Vervain and Dill / Hinder witches from their will."[5][6]. Common vervain is a plant that requires little care but some attention must be given in order to extend the blooming for a while. Verbena type V. officinalis-V. Chromatographic purification of the methanol extract yield two iridoid glucosides (verbenalin and hastatoside), a phenylpropanoid glycoside, verbascoside and β-sitosterol-D-glucoside. Verbena is a group of half-hardy to hardy herbaceous perennials, sometimes short-lived but very floriferous over several months. Verbena officinalis var. [7] Hastatoside and verbenalin have sleep-promoting (soporific) properties. [10] Aucubin has also been found as one the active constituents. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is a perennial herb native to Europe. Results 28 plant name records match your search criteria Verbena officinalis.The results are below. In the modern era, it is sometimes considered a powerful "ally" of poets and writers, as its relaxing effects can relieve writer's block. The plant belongs to … A Royal Navy Arabis-class sloop of the World War I era was named HMS Verbena, and in World War II a Group 1 Flower-class corvette bore the same name; a Group 2 vessel of the latter class was called HMS Vervain. The only Verbena widely found in England in a native state is common vervain, though it is just as possible that the names reference the popular ornamental verbenas, such as the garden vervain. Also known by such names as common verbena, wild verbena, simpler’s joy, holy herb, enchanter’s plant, mosquito plant, wild hyssop, Indian hyssop, blue vervain, juno’s tears, pigeon’s grass, pigeonweed, and herb of the cross, vervain answers to many names. As these, it is diploid with 14 chromosomes. The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. Chemical investigations of petroleum ether and chloroform extracts led to the isolation of β-sitosterol, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, 3-epiursolic acid, 3-epioleanolic acid and minor triterpenoids of derivatives of ursolic acid and oleanolic acids. supina 1-2 … Verbena officinalis is a perennial herb that grows up to three feet high. Omdat Verbena bonariensis zich meestal zelf uitzaait kunt u er toch vele jaren plezier van hebben. Verbena officinalis is a perennial plant growing up to 1 metre tall. It is widely naturalised outside its native range, for example in North America. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. Verbena officinalis is the most common species used in herbal remedies, however, other members of the family Verbenaceae may be interchangeable, such as blue vervain (V. hastata) and MacDougal verbena (V. macdougalii). 2005 Feb;30(4):268-9. Betrouwbare service Directplant geeft op elke bestelde It was called "tears of Isis" in Ancient Egypt, and later on "Juno's tears". officinalis: From the Latin officina shortened from opificina which originally meant ‘workshop’ but later came to mean a monastic storeroom, herb-room or pharmacy. Vervain (Verbena officinalis) is considered safe at recommended doses in healthy adults.The FDA (Food and Drugs Administration) of the United States classifies vervain plant as not defined, so caution should be exercised before using this plant. In Ancient Greece, it was dedicated to Eos Erigineia. The lobed leaves are toothed, and the delicate spikes hold clusters of two-lipped mauve flowers. The common names of V. officinalis in many Central and Eastern European languages often associate it with iron, for example: Common vervain was scientifically described by Carl Linnaeus his 1753 Species Plantarum. The plant is often used in modern herbalism, where it has a wide range of applications. It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. It might be closest to a group including such species as the white vervain (V. urticifolia), V. lasiostachys or V. menthifolia, and perhaps the swamp verbena (V. hastata). Distribution Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations.Cultivated occurrences are not mapped. Herbal capsules are used as a soporific drug in much the same way as for the better known valerian. It is not to be confused with, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Ethnopharmacological in vitro studies on Austria's folk medicine - An unexplored lore in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs", 10.1002/1099-1573(200009)14:6<463::AID-PTR611>3.0.CO;2-G, "Simultaneous determination of four bioactive compounds in Verbena officinalis L. By using high-performance liquid chromatography", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Verbena_officinalis&oldid=988759829, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 02:25. The following are often accepted today:[2], The Texas vervain (V. halei) is sometimes included in V. officinalis as a subspecies or variety. Vervain prefers limey soil, and is grown for its powerful herbal properties and lovely appearance. Verbena bonariensis is een bekend soort IJzerhard met een transparante groeiwijze. The leaves are lobed and toothed, and the flowers are delicate and mauve in color. [2] The scientific name references the Ancient Roman term verbena, used for any sacrificial herb considered very powerful (as described e.g. Verbena type V. officinalis 穂状花序が普通、有柄、三つ組(3’s)につかず、円錐花序状。茎の角が鋭くない。葉は分裂又は不分裂。 1-1 ser. Verbena: propiedades y beneficios Genus Verbena can be annuals, perennials or sub-shrubs, with toothed or pinnately lobed leaves and small, usually 5-petalled, salver-shaped flowers, typically held in spikes or panicles, in summer or autumn The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens Verbena officinalis Common name(s): Common Vervain, Common Verbena, European Vervain and others Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Verbenaceae Origin: Cosmopolitan, invasive in some regions. [4] Medical use of Common Vervain is usually as a herbal tea; Nicholas Culpeper's 1652 The English Physitian discusses folk uses. grandiflora ‘Bampton’ is a beautiful cultivar that was bred from a variety found growing in the town of Bampton, Devon. Zervous, S., Raus, T. & Yannitsaros, A. Beschrijving IJzerhard IJzerhard als plant is maximaal 30 centimeter hoog maar tijdens de bloei bereikt de plant gemakkelijk twee meter hoogte. [citation needed]. Common vervain has been held in high esteem since classical antiquity; it has long been associated with divine and other supernatural forces, and it has an equally long-standing use as a medicinal plant. View county names by placing the cursor over the map. In the early Christian era, folk legend stated that Common Vervain was used to stanch Jesus' wounds after his removal from the cross; hence names like "Holy Herb" or (e.g. Vervain – Verbena officinalis Vervain – Verbena officinalis is the wild verbena. The names found have these generic epithets: Verbena; species epithets begin with: O The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding). It grows up to 70 cm high, with an upright habitus. in Wales) "Devil's bane"[verification needed]. One of the few species of Verbena native to regions outside the Americas, it is derived from the lineage nowadays occurring widely across North America. Medicinal verbena, although it’s a perennial, is grown as an annual. Verbena officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is a perennial herb native to Europe. [11], "Holy herb" redirects here. It is found on rough grassland on dry soils. Use the flowers in infusions either fresh or dried. Verbena (/ vərˈbiːnə /, vervain) is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. The lobed leaves are toothed, and the delicate spikes hold clusters of two-lipped mauve flowers.[1]. Verbena Plant Care While the verbena flower is drought resistant, the blooms are improved with regular watering of an inch or so each week. [citation needed] It cannot be considered safe to use during pregnancy as it might cause miscarriages. [2] But despite the outward similarity, biogeography alone strongly suggests there is really no justification to include this North American native here, and DNA sequence data agrees. (Verbena officinalis) DANGERS OF VERBENA Is verbena plant safe? It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Antioxidant and Antifungal Activity of Verbena officinalis L. Leaves / E Casanova et al /Plant Foods for Human Nutrition • Volume 63, Number 3 / September, 2008 / DOI 10.1007/s11130-008-0073-0 (7) Studies on the chemical constitutents in herb of Verbena officinalis / Tian J, Zhao YM, Luan XH / Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. It prefers a well drained soil [8] It also contains a monoterpene alcohol called verbenol. Verbena bonariensis (IJzerhard) Verbena bonariensis is eigenlijk geen vaste plant maar een tweejarige. 1 sect. (2009). Verbena bonariensis staat graag in voedselrijke tuingrond, die bij voorkeur niet te vochtig is. Water verbena plants at the base to avoid wetting the foliage. Instead, V. halei seems to be closely related to V. macdougalii, perhaps with some interbreeding with the V. menthifolia lineage which might explain its Common Vervain-like traits.[3]. Vervain flowers are engraved on cimaruta, Italian anti-stregheria charms. Verbena officinalis herb has been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally (as tea or liqueur) for treatment of infections and fever. A hardy perennial with hairy lobed green leaves. Refers to the plant… "Vervain", presumably this species, is one of the original 38 Bach flower remedies, prescribed against "over-enthusiasm"[citation needed]. Verbena officinalis is a perennial, herbaceous plant native to Europe. La verbena officinalis es una planta medicinal propia de la región sudeste de Europa, que crece en diferentes partes del mundo en la actualidad, cuyas propiedades y beneficios son importantes. Propagation is by root cuttings or seed. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It is extracted from verbena with 1,3-buthylene glycol [citation needed], While common vervain is not native to North America, it has been introduced there and the Pawnee have adopted it as an entheogen enhancer and in oneiromancy, and is often referred to as the North American version of Calea zacatechichi. It is a slender plant with small mauve flowers opening gradually up the stem. Plant Parts Used: Leaves and flowers, which are collected mid-summer when the plant is in full blossom. This plant prefers limey soils; it is occasionally grown as an ornamental plant but perhaps more often for the powerful properties some herbalists ascribe to it. Verbena officinalis L. APNI* Description: Perennial herb 0.3–1 m high; branches erect, 4-angled, ridges smooth or finely scabrous. Verbena officinalis L. Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Verbena officinalis L. Verbena officinalis L. is an accepted name This name is … VERBENA OFFICINALIS EXTRACT BG is an extract of verbena (Scientific name: Verbena officinalis; common name: verbena), a plant belonging to the Verbenaceae family. Officinalis, meanwhile, is Latin for "used in medicine or herbalism". Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type Verbena officinalis var. A new species of Verbena (Verbenaceae) from Northeastern Mexico and an overview of the Verbena officinalis group Phytoneuron 2010-13: 1-13. Vervain, also known as verbena, Verbena officinalis, and herb of the cross, is a perennial herb native to Europe and Asia (1). And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. Remove flowers regularly (deadheading) in order to boost flower-bearing. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". by Pliny the Elder). In western Eurasia, the term "verbena" or "vervain" usually refers to this, the most widespread and common member of the mostly American genus occurring there. The Flora of Turkey (Davis 1982) gives two Verbena … Verbena officinalis growing shrub‎ of the genus Verbena also known as Common verbena or Vervain, Verbena officinalis perennial deciduous plant, used as medical and edible plant (for the leaves) and also used as ornamental plant and for the scent, can grow in temperate or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-9. The foliage is a lovely purple-green, with an almost metallic sheen. The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. Verbena officinalis L. is a hardy, herbaceous perennial found in Eurasia, North and South America. Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) is a flowering plant in the Verbena (Verbenacea) family of plants. In the 1870 The History and Practice of Magic by "Paul Christian" (Jean-Baptiste Pitois) it is employed in the preparation of a mandragora charm[citation needed]. Verbena thee wordt niet gemaakt van verbena bonariensis maar van het inheemse familielid van deze plant: verbena officinalis. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. While verbena species were all formerly circumscribed by the genus Verbena, a taxonomic revision has led to the placement of some species into the related genus Glandularia.The common garden verbena (Glandularia × hybrida, formerly Verbena hybrida) is a square-stemmed creeping plant that bears flat heads of phloxlike flowers in a range of colours. [9] In another study, four compounds were isolated and identified as apigenin, 4'-hydroxywogonin, verbenalin, and hastatoside. [3], Numerous local varieties have been described, some of them as distinct species or subspecies. It bears small purple-pink flowers held on spikes at the tops of tall, elegant stems. Commonly known as vervain or simpler’s joy. Additons to the flora of the island of Kalimnos (SE Aegean, Greece) Willdenowia 39: 165-177.

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