argentina regions climate

argentina regions climate

[44]:1 Absolute maximum temperatures can reach up to 49 °C (120 °F) while during cold waves, temperatures can fall to −6 °C (21 °F). Northern parts of the country[note 2] are characterized by hot, humid summers with mild, drier winters, and highly seasonal precipitation. [125] The southern parts of the Bosque Andino Patagónico region receive only 200 to 500 mm (8 to 20 in) resulting in less dense forest coverage. [21][40] In summer, this interaction strengthens, favouring the development of convective thunderstorms that can result in heavy rainfall. Some provinces span more than one of these regions. [128], Temperatures are relatively cold for its latitude due to the cold Malvinas Current and the high altitude. Streams harbour numerous fish species, including piranhas, and snakes and other reptiles abound. [35] As well, most of Santiago del Estero Province lies within the region. Some 90 miles (150 km) west of the Paraná River, a few massive trees begin to appear. › Overview: Climate in Argentina › Duration of daylight and sunshine in Argentina Because of Argentina's long length, it is divided into four main regions: the northern subtropical woodlands and swamps; the heavily wooded slopes of the Andes Mountains in the west; the far south, semiarid and cold Patagonian Plateau; and the temperate region surrounding Buenos Aires. [40] As such, most of Mendoza and San Juan Provinces receive the lowest annual precipitation, with mean summer precipitation averaging less than 100 mm (4 in) and in rare cases, no summer rainfall. Each region contains the following departments. [119][127][121] As a result, except for these areas, the winter maxima in precipitation results in a strong water deficit in the summer. In climate, size, and topography, Argentina can be compared with the portion of the U.S. between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains, although the North American region has colder winters. [53][54]:29, The temperate valleys, which include major cities such as Salta and Jujuy,[note 3] have an average precipitation ranging between 500 to 1,000 mm (20 to 39 in). [121] The high precipitation in the Andes in this region supports glaciers and permanent snowfields. Read more about Argentina Climate Types >> [125][130] The Atlantic Ocean moderates the climate of coastal areas resulting in a lower annual and daily range of temperatures. [85] Summers in the region are hot and generally very sunny, averaging as much as 10 hours of sunshine per day. [56][67] In contrast, during a La Niña year, there is enhanced easterly moisture transport, resulting in a more intense rainy season. Argentina Climate Map page, view Argentina political, physical, country maps, satellite images photos and where is Argentina location in World map. For when you decide to visit, we’ve put together this brief guide to Argentina’s top five wine regions. [52][53] In the south, the orographic effect is enhanced by advancing cold fronts from the south, resulting in increased precipitation. Argentina Wine Regions. Addresse: Tercuman Sitesi A2/52 34015 Cevizlibag, Istanbul Phone: +90 (212) 558-0046 Email: contact@worldmap1.com Mendoza. [72] Temperatures can exceed 40 °C (104 °F) during the summer, particularly in the central valley of Catamarca (Valle Central de Catamarca) and the valley of La Rioja Capital which lie at lower altitudes. Argentina’s wine regions produce grapes with distinct flavor, quality and aroma. The is a great deal of rainfall in Buenos Aires, even in the driest month. The Pampas is mostly flat and receives more precipitation, averaging 500 mm (20 in) in the western parts to 1,200 mm (47 in) in the eastern parts. The different soils and climates in the country, offer a variety of agricultural products, adapted to the possibilities of each region. [59] These valleys lie in a transitional area between the sub–humid climate in the west where the first slopes of Andes occur and the semi–arid climates to the east in the Chaco region. [102][103] An El Niño year often leads to higher precipitation, while a La Niña year leads to lower precipitation. [20][22][23]:85, Mesopotamia is the wettest region in Argentina[24] with average annual precipitation ranges from less than 1,000 mm (39 in) in the southern parts, to approximately 1,800 mm (71 in) in the eastern parts. The tree heights diminish above 7,000 feet (2,100 metres), and the growth becomes more like that of a cloud forest, with myrtles and laurels predominating. Only in the 1990s, however, was business confidence in Argentina sufficient to justify the investment needed to drag its wineries into the twentieth century, and exports on a serious scale are a fraction of what they could be. These regions have distinct climates and topography which affect the economic, social, and cultural activities of the provinces. The Indians and mestizos were pushed aside (mainly to the Andean provinces) or absorbed, and the blacks and mulattos disappeared, apparently also absorbed into the dominant population. Quebracho trees (a source of tannin) are present, but not to the extent that they are farther east. [65]:10[69][70] In both the Quebrada de Humahuaca and Calchaquí valleys, winters are cold with frosts that can occur between March and September. [120]:72 The snow line ranges from an altitude of 2,500 m (8,202 ft) in the north to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) above sea level in the south. [57] Precipitation is highly seasonal and mostly concentrated in the summer months. › Overview: Climate in Argentina › Duration of daylight and sunshine in Argentina This penetrates the eastern areas more than the west, bringing it more precipitation. A beach holiday can also be enjoyed in the warmer season, but water temperatures will not reach much more than 19 °C. [97][6] In many places precipitation, which mostly occurs in the form of convective thunderstorms, is high during summer. [109] Dull, grey, and damp weather characterize winters in the Pampas. With a wide range of altitudes, the Cuyo region is climatically diverse, with icy conditions persisting at altitudes higher than 4,000 m (13,000 ft). [103] Winters are drier in most places due to weaker easterly winds, and stronger southerly winds, which prevent moist air from coming in. It is mostly a flat area, interrupted only by the Tandilia and Ventana hills in its southern portion. Salta / Argentinien", "Estadisticas Meteorologicas: Periodo 1930–2013", "Valores Estadisticos del trimester (Diciembre–Febrero)", "Periglacial phenomena in the high mountains of northwestern Argentina", "Causas de Las Sequías de la Región del NOA (Argentina)", "Base de Datos Mensuales de Precipitaciones del Noroeste Argentino", "Climate change and mass movements in the NW Argentine Andes", "El Noroeste Argentino y el Umbral al Chaco", "Regiones Agroeconómicas del Noroeste Argentino", "Olive Growing in the arid valleys of Northwest Argentina (provinces of Catamarca, La Rioja and San Juan)", "The Vegetation of Northwestern Argentina (NOA)", "Aprovechamiento de Los Recursos Hídricos y Tecnologia de Riego en el Altiplano Argentino", "Tectonics and Climate of the Southern Central Andes", "Diagnostico del Manejo del Agua en Cuencas Tabacaleras del Valle de Lerma, Salta, Argentina", "South American Viticulture, Wine Production, and Climate Change", "Cambios temporales del clima en la subregión del Chaco Árido", "Provincia de Salta—Clima y Meteorologia", "Datos Meteorológicos Registrados en las Distintas Estación de la Provincia de Jujuy", "Klimatafel von Salta, Prov. To further illustrate this point, Argentina is a country with stunningly varied regions. [2], Despite the low precipitation, Patagonia is cloudy, with the mean cloud cover ranging from 50% in eastern parts of Neuquén Province and northeast Río Negro Province to 70% in Tierra del Fuego Province;[121] the region has one of the highest percentages of cloud cover in Argentina. Argentina's climate ranges from the great heat and extensive rains of the subtropical Chaco in the north, through to the pleasant climate of the central Pampas, and the sub-Antarctic cold of the Patagonian Sea in the south. [80] The region is characterized by a large diurnal range with very hot temperatures during the day followed by cold nights. Climate and Weather in Argentina in July [121] During summer, the South Pacific High migrates southward, preventing the passage of fronts, and cyclones that can cause precipitation to occur, resulting in lower precipitation during this time of the year. Argentina's climate ranges from the great heat and extensive rains of the subtropical Chaco in the north, through to the pleasant climate of the central Pampas, and the sub-Antarctic cold of the Patagonian Sea in the south. Regions of Argentina Of Argentina's more than 278 million hectares of land, nearly 17.5 million hectares are established as protected, which is about 6.3% of the country's landmass. Chile has dominated South American wine exports but Argentina makes almost five times as much wine, and has been catching up fast on export markets, especially in the US. [7][8] Consequently, there is a wide variety of biomes in the country, including subtropical rain forests, semi-arid and arid regions, temperate plains in the Pampas, and cold subantarctic in the south. It is bounded, approximately, by the Patagonian Andes, the Colorado River (except where the region extends north of the river into the Andean borderlands), the … [79][80] The wide range in latitudes, combined with altitudes ranging from 500 m (1,600 ft) to nearly 7,000 m (23,000 ft), means that it has a variety of different climate types. [20][23]:63 Winters are mild and brief, with mean temperatures in July ranging from 16 °C (61 °F) in the northern parts to 14 °C (57 °F) in the southernmost parts. Covering an area of 2,780,400 sq.km (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the world's 8th largest country, the 2nd largest country in South America, and the 4th largest country in the Americas. No plants survive in areas with finer salt at the surface. CMIP3 projections, the 20-year return period of the ... across two regions of eastern Argentina have been. [12], This region's land is appropriate for agricultural and livestock activities. The Chaco region in the center-north, despite being relatively homogeneous in terms of precipitation and temperature, is the warmest region in Argentina, and one of the few natural areas in the world located between tropical and temperate latitudes that is not a desert. [121], Being exposed to strong westerly winds can decrease the perception of temperature (wind chill), particularly in summer. https://mibuenosairesquerido.com/en/argentina/argentina-geography Argentinien Klima. From Patagonia’s dramatic ice fields to Iguazù’s thunderous waterfalls and the shimmering blue lagoons of the Litoral, Argentina’s landscapes astound, while Buenos Aires is the continent’s most cosmopolitan and appealing city, packed with superb museums, restaurants, markets and music. This is Andes country, where valleys are arid and the mountain ranges – or quebrada – are towering. [20] With mean summer temperatures reaching 28 °C (82 °F), the region has the hottest summers in the country. [119] Absolute maximum temperatures can exceed 40 °C (104 °F) in the northern Río Negro Province and Neuquén Province, while in much of the region, they can exceed 30 °C (86 °F). The influence of the Andes, in conjunction with general circulation patterns, generates one of the strongest precipitation gradients (rate of change in mean annual precipitation in relation to a particular location) in the world, decreasing rapidly to the east. Coarse bunchgrasses are common in the dry steppe, which also supports dense scrub forests intermixed with prickly pear, barrel, and many other types of cactus. [9][52][64] The diurnal range is large, with a thermal amplitude that can exceed 40 °C (72 °F) due to the low humidity and the intense sunlight throughout the year. [38] By contrast, the western parts of the region have a negative water balance (the potential evapotranspiration exceeds the precipitation) owing to lower precipitation. Since the time of European settlement, vast herds of cattle, as well as horses, have virtually taken over the areas of the landscape not planted in crops, and many native animal populations have dwindled. The humid lowlands of eastern Argentina, especially along the rivers of the Rio de la Plata system, resemble the Mississippi Valley. In Buenos Aires, the climate is warm and temperate. [52][54]:34 Although easterly winds are rare in the Puna region, they bring 88%–96% of the area's precipitation. Patagonia, in the south, is mostly arid or semi–arid except in the extreme west where abundant precipitation supports dense forest coverage, glaciers, and permanent snowfields. Precipitation here is about 1040 mm | 40.9 inch per year. [21] The Cuyo region is influenced by the subtropical, semi–permanent South Atlantic High to the east in the Atlantic, the semi-permanent South Pacific High to the west of the Andes, and the development of the Chaco Low and westerlies in the southern parts of the region. Smaller groups have also made notable contributions, however. [53] The north–south orientation of the mountains, which increase in altitude to the west,[52] and a discontinuous topography, creates valleys with regions of relatively high orographic precipitation in the west and drier regions in east. The disputed Falkland Islands is a United Kingdom Overseas Territory, but is claimed by Argentina. Other major foreign influences have come from Spanish and Polish immigrants. [119] The annual range of temperatures in Patagonia is lower than in areas in the Northern Hemisphere at the same latitude owing to the maritime influences of the sea. Both factors render the region dry. Argentina has been producing wine since the mid 16th century. Ten percent of the total were either enslaved Africans or their descendants who had been smuggled into the country through Buenos Aires, and there was a large element of mestizos (European and Indian mixture). [51] Owing to its rugged topography, the region is climatically diverse, depending on the altitude, temperature, and distribution of precipitation. [13], Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, which includes the Antarctic Peninsula and a triangular section extending to the South Pole, delimited by the 25° West and 74° West meridians and the 60° South parallel. Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees centigrade, sometimes up to 32 degrees. A discussion of the whales off the coast of Argentina's Valdés Peninsula, Patagonia, including the threat posed by kelp gulls. Precipitation is moderate to light throughout most of the country, with the driest areas in the far northwest and in the southern part of Patagonia. The western Gran Chaco has growths of thorn forest dominated by algaroba (carob trees) in the drier and often saline zones. [103] Generally, frost arrives in early April in the southernmost areas, and in late May in the north and ends by mid-September – although the dates of the first and last frosts can vary from year to year. [88][90][91] As such, the temperature may rise as much as 20 °C (36 °F) in a few hours, with humidity approaching 0% during a Zonda wind event. [20][25] Eastern areas receive more precipitation than western areas since they are more influenced by moist air from the Atlantic Ocean. The variety of geographical regions in Argentina, are a determining factor of the different types of climates. [119] In general, mountainous areas are the cloudiest, and coastal areas are cloudier than inland areas. [20] whose main features are high temperatures and abundant rainfall throughout the year. As well, the Pampas is the most consistently active tornado region outside the central and southeastern United States. This is particularly true in Patagonia, where windblown dust creates a continuous haze that considerably reduces visibility. [2] This year-round rainfall occurs because most of the region lies north of the subtropical high pressure belt even in winter, exposing it to moist easterly winds from the Atlantic Ocean throughout the year. [3][4] Argentina possesses a wide variety of climatic regions ranging from subtropical in the north to subantarctic in the far south. Nothing remains outside the possibilities offered by the types of climate in Argentina. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. In climate, size, and topography, Argentina can be compared with the portion of the U.S. between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains, although the North American region has colder winters. [20][25] Summer rains are intense, and torrential rain is common, occasionally causing floods and soil erosion. Argentina: facts, history, economics, geography,climate, 1. European descendants were in the minority. [20][23]:31Precipitation is slightly higher in summer than in winter, and generally decreases from east to west and from north to south. 7 August 2020. Argentina - Argentina - Climate: Argentina lies almost entirely within the temperate zone of the Southern Hemisphere, unlike the rest of the continent to the north, which lies within the tropics. Aerial views of the Pampas, east-central Argentina. Nothing remains outside the possibilities offered by the types of climate in Argentina. [58]:56, The mean annual temperatures in the Quebrada de Humahuaca valley range from 12.0 to 14.1 °C (53.6 to 57.4 °F), depending on altitude. Patagonia contains zones of deciduous Andean forests and, east of the Andes, of steppe and desert. The Andean region extends some 2,300 miles (3,700 km) along the western edge of the country from Bolivia to southern Patagonia, forming most of the natural boundary with Chile. [118][119] The exception is the Bosque Andino Patagónico, a forested area located in the extreme west and southern parts of Tierra del Fuego Province, which has a humid, wet, and cool to cold climate. [25][26][27][28] Snowfall is extremely rare and mainly confined to the uplands of Misiones Province where the last significant snowfall occurred in 1975 in Bernardo de Irigoyen. [42] The eastern part of the region receives just enough precipitation to have a positive water balance. 1. In general, Argentina has four main climate types: warm, moderate, arid, and cold in which the relief features, and the latitudinal extent of the country, determine the different varieties within the main climate types. [57], As moist air reaches the eastern slopes of the mountains, it rises and cools adiabatically, leading to the formation of clouds that generate copious amounts of rain. Southeast of the Andean region described above, xerophytic (drought-tolerant) scrub forests, called monte, and intervening grasslands spread across the Pampean Sierras. The temperate climate is interrupted by a long, narrow north-south band of semiarid to arid conditions and by tundra and polar conditions in the high Andes and in southern portions of Tierra del Fuego. Geographical diversity throughout the rest of Chile and Argentina gives rise to several distinct climatic regions with wide extremes of temperature, sunlight and rainfall. The new government has mainly focused its policy efforts on addressing the economic crisis that pre-dates the pandemic but has been exacerbated by it, putting further climate … Thin stands of tall wax palms occupy the flood zones of Mesopotamia. [21]:12 Water deficiencies and extended periods of drought are uncommon, and much of the region has a positive water balance (i.e. Flightless rheas still inhabit the Pampas, but guanacos are no longer found there. Argentina has seven regions. [88][89] This wind often occurs before the passage of a cold front across Argentina, and tends to occur when a low pressure system brings heavy rain to the Chilean side, and when an upper-level trough allows the winds to pass over the Andes to descend downwards. Argentina Shaded Relief Map. [12][50], The Patagonian climate is classified as arid to semi-arid and temperate to cool temperate. [121] Winters have a more uniform temperature distribution. [23]:85, The Chaco region is the hottest in Argentina, with a mean annual temperature of 23 °C (73 °F). Heavy immigration, particularly from Spain and Italy, has produced in Argentina a people who are almost all of European ancestry. [57] Without the Andes, the climate of northwest Argentina would have been arid and resembled that of northern Chile. Population estimates of the colonial period suggest that by 1810 Argentina had more than 400,000 people. [121] Further south in Tierra del Fuego Province, absolute maximum temperatures do not exceed 30 °C (86 °F), while in the southernmost islands, they do not exceed 20 °C (68 °F). [121] Northern areas are sunnier (50% possible sunshine)[note 5] than the southern parts of the region such as western Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego Provinces (less than 40% possible sunshine). [9][64] Due to the aridity of these mountains at high altitudes, the snowline can extend as far up as 6,000 m (20,000 ft) above sea level. In 1999 the peninsula was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site. The range of mean temperatures for summer months (December to February) is about 72–75 °F (22–24 °C), whereas that for winter months (June to August) is about 46–55 °F (8–13 °C). The French grape variety Malbec has its New World home in the vineyards of Mendoza, producing red wines of great concentration and intensity. One defining characteristic is the strong winds from the west which blow year-round, lowering the perception of temperature (wind chill), while being a factor in keeping the region arid by favouring evaporation. The regions are as follows: Andean Northwest, Chaco, Cuyo, Mesopotamia, Pampas, Patagonia, and Tierra del Fuego. [54]:18[55] These cold fronts are responsible for producing precipitation during summer. [62]:33–34, Temperatures are much colder in the Puna region, with a mean annual temperature of less than 10 °C (50 °F) owing to its high altitude. In some cases, such as in 2003, they can exceed 45 °C (113 °F). [21][105] These thunderstorms form when cold air from the south, caused by the pampero wind, meets humid tropical air masses from the north,[100] and are some of the most intense storms in the world, with the most frequent lightning and the highest convective cloud tops. Most rainfall occurs in the northeast, in the Humid Pampa, Mesopotamia, and the eastern Chaco. Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest: Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay: Geographic coordinates: 34 00 S, 64 00 W: Comparative Area: slightly less than three-tenths the size of … Paraná pines appear at higher elevations. Argentina's mountainous and foothill regions, including the Andes, La Rioja and San Juan, all feature a dry climate, which turns cold and windy in the Patagonian Andes. [30] On the other hand, the sudestada and the pampero winds bring periods of cool to cold temperatures. In Rosario, the average annual temperature is 16.9 °C | 62.4 °F. Dataset Updated: 15-Nov-2013 16:20:30: Temperature Sites: 40,747: Monthly Mean Observations: 15,717,007: Most Recent Month: October 2013: Earliest Month: January 1701 The so-called mistol (jujube) forest thrives above 1,650 feet (500 metres), although giant cedars and some other tree species disappear above 3,300 feet (1,000 metres). [30] Snowfall is extremely rare; when it does snow, it usually lasts for only a day or two. Dull, gray days and damp weather characterize this season, especially in the Pampas. [119][121] Due to the northward migration of the South Pacific High, more frontal systems can pass through, allowing for more precipitation to occur. [119][121] Most of the moisture is dropped on the Chilean side, resulting in abundant precipitation, while in much of the Argentine side, the air warms adiabatically and becomes drier as it descends. Rio Negro is one of the coldest regions in Argentina with an average daily high temperature of only 20 degrees centigrade. [100] Heat waves that can bring temperatures in the 36 to 40 °C (97 to 104 °F) range for a few days. Low scrub vegetation and green grass steppe alternate south of Comodoro Rivadavia to the tip of the continent. The high-elevation, cold climatic phenomenon in Argentina is sometimes referred to as tundra climate and, in even colder mountaintop areas, as polar. [14] However, all claims are suspended by the Antarctic Treaty System, of which Argentina is a founding signatory and permanent consulting member. [103] The Pampas are moderately sunny, ranging from an average of 4–5 hours of sunshine per day during the winter months to 8–9 hours in summer. [100] Temperatures are usually mild during the day and cold during the night. [43] In all parts of the region, precipitation is highly variable from year to year. In general, Argentina has four main climate types: warm, moderate, arid, and cold in which the relief features, and the latitudinal extent of the country, determine the different varieties within the m… Substantial numbers also came from France, Poland, Russia, Germany, and Great Britain. [121] In Tierra del Fuego, thunderstorms are non-existent. Argentina Republic Map South america. [70][80] In general, most of the region has a temperate climate, with higher altitude valleys having a more milder climate. This climate is considered to be Cfa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. [9][10] Argentina is best divided into six distinct regions reflecting the climatic conditions of the country as a whole. [66] The El Niño–Southern Oscillation influences precipitation levels in northwest Argentina. [58]:56 Mean annual temperatures in the Yungas range between 14 to 26 °C (57 to 79 °F). [54]:18 Furthermore, the intertropical convergence zone (or doldrums) reaches the region during the summer months, leading to enhanced precipitation. [35] Eastern parts of Jujuy Province, Salta Province, and Tucumán Province, and northern parts of Córdoba Province and Santa Fe Province are part of the region. ... Argentina Regions Map Cities. [103] Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year in the easternmost parts, while in the western parts most of the precipitation is concentrated during the summer months and winters are drier. [87] In contrast, winters are dry and cold and average around 7–8 hours of sunshine per day. [60][68]:53 The diurnal range in cities is fairly wide, particularly in the winter. [121] In the rare cases when cold fronts move northwards from the south (Antarctica), the cold air masses are not moderated by the surrounding oceans, resulting in very cold temperatures throughout the region. [91][92] Temperatures can dip below −10 to −30 °C (14 to −22 °F) at the higher altitudes. [23]:37 Fall (March–May) is the rainiest season, with many places receiving over 350 mm (14 in). The principal Pampas vegetation is monte forest in the Dry Pampa and grassland in the Humid Pampa. [36], The region has a subtropical climate. This climate is considered to be Cfa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. [54]:22 The high rainfall on these first slopes creates the thick Yungas jungle that extends in a narrow strip along these ranges. [54]:20 Most of the precipitation comes from the east since the Andes block most moisture from the Pacific Ocean. Each region is divided into Provinces. Mesopotamia, located in northeast Argentina, has a subtropical climate with no dry season and is characterized by high temperatures and abundant rainfall because of exposure to moist easterly winds from the Atlantic Ocean throughout the year. Mesopotamia is a habitat for jaguars, monkeys, deer, tapirs, peccaries, many snake varieties, and numerous birds, notably toucans and hummingbirds, as well as stingless bees. [121] Northeastern areas, along with southern parts of the region, are influenced by air masses from the Atlantic Ocean, resulting in precipitation being more evenly distributed throughout the year. Among these were the Diaguita of the Andean Northwest, a town-dwelling agricultural people who were forced into labour after they were conquered. [66][86] The average temperature in January is 24 °C (75 °F) in most of the region. Discover (and save!)

Lipscomb University Women's Basketball Division, Epoxy Resins Technology Handbook Pdf, Aussie Deep Treatment 3 Minute Miracle Reconstructor, Work Permit Application, Master Electrician Salary In Philippines,