They are tapering at the base with slender petiole and bear a pair of spines up to 1cm long at the base. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Leaves . Distribution: Cosmopolitan in warm temperate and tropical regions but increasingly found in temperate Nahrung. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. The leafy vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus gangeticus) is a potent inhibitor of calcium availability and retention in rice-based diets. Amaranthus spinosus . Identifying Characteristics. Some types are known to produce 235,000 seeds per plant. Note scale. apart. Description of Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) – Kanta chaulai.It has many medicinal properties like astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge, galactogogue etc. 960 pp. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall. The seedheads occur in clusters at the ends of stems arising from the leaf axils. Some types are known to produce 235,000 seeds per plant. Amaranthus also provides a unique and wonderful texture for floral arrangements. Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Wetland Indicator = FACU USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. We love Amaranthus seeds for the flame like blooms as seen in Pygmy's Torch and Green Thumb, or the drooping elephant (think Snuffleupagus) tusk-like draping quality of the blooms on Viridis or Love Lies Bleeding. Leaf type is simple, discoloured and arranged alternately. The seeds are nutritious and can be made into a flour. Flowers unisexual, solitary in the axil of a bract, subtended by 2 bracteoles; bracts and bracteoles scarious, mucronate from a broad base, shorter or as long as the perianth; male flowers usually arranged in a terminal spike above the base of the inflorescence, green; tepals 5 or in male flowers often 3, free, subequal, ovate-oblong to oblong-spatulate, up to 2.5 mm long, very convex, membranous, with transparent margins and green or purple median band; male flowers with 5 stamens about as long as tepals; female flowers with superior, oblong ovary, 1-celled, styles 2â3, ultimately recurved. Amaranthus (Amaranthus Caudatus Red) - Commonly known as Love Lies Bleeding, these unique flowers are extremely hardy, and they can grow just about anywhere from flower seed. In Khmer language, it is called pti banlar and in Vietnamese giền and its ash was historically used as a grey cloth dye. This Amaranthus has elongated red flowers that hang to the ground. & Bunyapraphatsara, N., 1999. on December 6, 2016. Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Distribution - Weed found throughout the Philippines at lowlands and low altitudes, in open waste place, gregarious and abundant along sand bars and margins of streams. Amaranthus spinosus is an annual found in areas such as Tropical America. Flowering i… 7.Amaranth Cruentus: It is a green variety of plants that may sometimes appear in beautiful shades of cinnamon, purple, red, and ginger. (Editors). 110â113. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The weight of 1000 seeds is 140–250 mg. Freshly collected seeds may germinate at temperatures as high as 40°C, with a germination rate of up to 95%. Seed germination and seedling emergence response of these species to various environmental factors was determined in laboratory and screenhouse experiments. Photographs taken off Main St., Ellington, MO., 7-18-04. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. - Probably introduced; now, pantropic. 70, Issue. A small plant can produces plenty of small brownish seeds and those can easily disperse with wind. Habitat Commonly as a weed of cultivation, waste ground and roadsides, also occurring in open grassland and in wet ground by swamps and along rivers; 0–1820 m. Distribution Seed over winters in or on the surface of soil and germinates late spring to early summer. In cooler regions, spiny amaranth does not grow as rapidly as other pigweeds. ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US Seedling: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. A lovely upright Amaranthus, Green Thumb is a compact shrub, excellent for borders or containers. After storage, however, temperature requirements are lower. It is also known as Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Amaranthus frumentaceus, Amaranto, Chua, Amaranthus leucocarpus, Red Cockscomb, Velvet Flower. Folks usually add shoots and stem in soups or cook with other vegetables, leaves may be eaten as salads, while its seed could be eaten raw. April 2012. Sep;90(3):521-7. Stems angled or with longitudinal lines or ridges, green or brown, leaves alternate, broadly lance late to ovate, discolors, conspicuously veined beneath, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide. This Amaranthus has elongated red flowers that hang to the ground. Call +91-8048601536. Known fondly as Bear's Breeches, this charming perennial is noteworthy for tenacity as well as its pleasing floral display. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth,  spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. Kawela Bridge, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. Amaranthus spinosus . Seeds are minute, black and shining. Seedling with epigeal germination; cotyledons leafy, glabrous, apex rounded to slightly acute; hypocotyl up to 12 mm long, epicotyl absent. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Habit. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. Medicinal Plants of Native America.  Contents. We love Amaranthus seeds for the flame like blooms as seen in Pygmy's Torch and Green Thumb, or the drooping elephant (think Snuffleupagus) tusk-like draping quality of the blooms on Viridis or Love Lies Bleeding. ofCdin Amaranthus inbothshootandrootof A.hybridus ,A. spinosus ,A. viridis ,andA. How to Grow Amaranth In general, plants in the genus Amaranthus are difficult to identify to species, but this one is an exception to the rule. with help from When posting your comment, it will take some time before it will become visible. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). USA. Amaranthus spinosus var . pp. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, many-branched annual herb growing up to 1.5 m. The stem is smooth, robust, cylindrical and often reddish. A member of the Amaranthaceae family, Amaranthus spinosus L is also known Amaranthus spinosus is an annual found in areas such as Tropical America. Akum (Mag.) Contact Supplier Request a quote. Ecology. No genuine homologs/orthologs have been identified outside the genus Amaranthus.Amaranthins are homodimers built up of 33 kDa protomers (Figure 1). Leaves. web interface by Amaranthus spinosus is an Annual herb with multi-branched, smooth, herbaceous annual growing to 2 ft. It blooms all summer long! The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Von hier aus hat sich Amaranthus palmeri durch menschliche Einflussnahme und Verschleppung, insbesondere in Äckern, stark ausgebreitet. Klimczak I, Malecka M, et al. Amaranthus spinosus is propagated by seed. Amaranthus spinosus. Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. Amaranth Starch … The two upright varieties, Green Thumb and Pygmy Torch have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Nutrition Value of Amaranthus spinosus. Spiny pigweed is an annual native to tropical America but has spread into the eastern US and California where it inhabits disturbed areas including cultivated fields, roadsides, and lawns. 6.Amaranth Spinosus: This type of plant is also called “prickly amaranthus” and “spiky amaranthus” it is due to its small thorny bush on the stem. Amaranthus spinosus Linn. thorny amaranth. EPSPSamplification in glyphosate-resistant spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus): a case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). 2002. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. Pl. I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. lowers cholesterol in hamsters and the seeds of Amaranthus esculantus lowers cholesterol in rats [Berger 2003; Chaturvedi 1993]. KRVM Herbs. Weed Risk Assessment: Amaranthus spinosus 1. 1983. Amaranthus spinosus spiny amaranth This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Flowering begins mid-summer and continues until autumn frosts induce senescence. Flower Seed Head. This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. Amarant (Amaranthus), auch Fuchsschwanz genannt, manchmal auch Amaranth geschrieben, ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Fuchsschwanzgewächse (Amaranthaceae). Amaranto, bredo (Po). The seeds develop in a utricle 1 1/2 to 2 mm in length. Amaranthus spinosus / Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Amaranthus spinosus is propagated by seed. Annual, erect, monoecious herb, up to 100(â130) cm tall, much branched; stem terete or obtusely angular, glabrous or slightly pubescent, green or variably suffused with purple. 4/10. CrossRef ; Google Scholar; Hugo, E. Saayman-Du Toit, A.E.J. There are 5 edible parts of the plants which are shoots and stem, leaves, seeds, and dye. Figures Fig. 70, Issue. Each Amaranthus plant can carry tens of thousands of flower seeds, and it will self-seed very easily. 2nd Edition. Iron, lead, and zinc concentrations infl. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. Leaves glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Spiny amaranth is primarily a weed of pastures and hay fields, and occurs less often in agronomic crops and turfgrass. Reproduction and dispersal. Amaranthus spinosus ← → Other Common Names: prickly amaranth. Amaranthaceae. Leaves alternate, simple; stipules absent; petiole approximately as long as leaf-blade; blade ovate-lanceolate to rhomboid, 3.5â11 cm Ã 1â4.5 cm, acute and often slightly decurrent at base, obtuse, rounded or slightly retuse and often short mucronate at apex, entire, glabrous or slightly pubescent on veins when young. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Pest Management Science, Vol. April 2012. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Verified Supplier . It is multi branched, smooth, angled with longitudinal lines and brownish- green in colour . Moerman, Daniel E. 1986. Older plants become fairly stout and have a woody texture. Seeds Seed 0.75–1 mm., compressed, black, shining, very faintly reticulate. Amaranthus (Amaranthus Caudatus Red) - Commonly known as Love Lies Bleeding, these unique flowers are extremely hardy, and they can grow just about anywhere from flower seed. Spiny amaranth thrives in rich, warm, loamy soils with high organic matter and sufficient nitrogen (N), and can produce up to 235 thousand seeds per plant (Holm et al., 1991). Amaranthus spinosus var. Inflorescence consisting of dense clusters, lower ones axillary, higher ones often collected in an axillary and terminal spike which is often branched in its lower part; axillary clusters usually armed with (1â)2(â3) very sharp spines up to 2 cm long. Fans of snapdragons will admire the similarities of this plant with its lovely white flowers that are overlaid with reddish-lilac bracts for an interesting clash of colors. 1753.. Anuales, 0.3 1 m de alto, tallos erectos, glabros; monoicas. Seeds: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. 12, p. 1902. 1914. basiscissus Thell. Madipakkam, Chennai Plot 23, 1st Street, AGS Colony, Puzhathivakkam, Madipakkam, Chennai - 600091, Dist. A. caudatus and A. paniculatus seeds are antioxidant [Klimczak 2002]. Weeds and Their Control: Spiny Pigweed (Amaranthus spinosus) by Karen. Seeds are dispersed by water & have long viability. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) – complete detail. The leaves are simple and alternate , glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, often diamond-shaped, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Grow Heirloom Amaranth -Plant Green Thumb Amaranthus Seeds. 2nd Edition. Seeds germinate best with light, so tillage is a way to help control this annual invasive. Red-root pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) seeds and capsuleOpen New Window Pollination is by wind (Waterhouse, 1994). Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). Each Amaranthus plant can carry tens of thousands of flower seeds, and it will self-seed very easily. Effects of after-harvest period and environmental factors on seed dormancy of Amaranthus species. NOTES ‘N … Alternate names Spiny Pigweed. Green Amaranthus Spinosus. Mchicha (Sw). Amaranthus spinosus ← → Other Common Names: prickly amaranth. Stems. Despite the reputed high nutritional value of the leaves. The panicle is harvested 200 days after cultivation with approximately 1,000 to 3,000 seeds harvested per gram. Spiny and slender amaranth are troublesome Amaranthaceae species of direct-seeded rice and other upland crops in many Asian countries. They are a never-ending battle because not only do they produce a lot of seed (around 100,000 per plant), but their seeds remain viable for many years. Sawant Flowers are very small and having long stamens. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. Spiny amaranth, prickly amaranth, spiny pigweed (En). Amaranthus palmeri ist in Nordamerika ursprünglich vom Südwesten der USA bis in den Norden Mexikos verbreitet. 12, p. 1902. Amaranth seeds are very fine, so generally, the seeds are sprinkled over a prepared area after the risk of last frost has passed. Barnes, J. P., and A. R. Putnam. Plant Details Taxonomy: Amaranthus spinosus L. Family Amaranthaceae (also placed in Chenopodiaceae) Common names: needle burr, spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed. It blooms all summer long! Flower… Br J Nutr. Seeds can remain dormant for a long time until it gets a viable environment to germinate. Habit. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall[299. The alternately arranged leaves occur on long petioles and are ovate in shape. rudis [ ]. RESEARCH: The essential oil of Amaranth spp. Hojas ampliamente lanceoladas o rómbico-ovadas, (1 ) 1.5 7.5 cm de largo y 0.5 2.5 cm de ancho, variables en tamaño, agudas, redondeadas o emarginadas en el ápice, cuneadas o … by Melody Rose (melody) August 27, 2016. Volume 1, Families AâD. Amaranthus also provides a unique and wonderful texture for floral arrangements. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. General Information Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall The edges are without lobes. Top 10 … The weight of 1000 seeds is 140–250 mg. Freshly collected seeds may germinate at temperatures as high as 40°C, with a germination rate of up to 95%. 5: 269. The erect branching stems can exceed 5 feet in height. Flowers of Thorny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) are typical Amaranth flower that blooms as a cluster. ©S.D. Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extracts of amaranth seeds. Compositios of dry weight leaves in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food Company Video. Name: Amaranthus - Green Thumb: Botanical Name: Amaranthus hypochondriacus: Life Cycle: Annual: Color: Green / Dark Green Foliage: Bloom … In a field study in Missouri, spiny amaranth reached 4.5 feet and produced 114 thousand seeds per plant within 14 weeks, compared to 5–7 feet and 250–292 thousand seeds for several other weedy Amaranthusspecies (Sellers et al., 2003). Mitteleur. The bulk of the Amaranth Seed is its Starch consisting of 50-65 % by weights of unique type. Stems and leaves are smooth and hairless, sometimes shiny in appearance. Seeds (left), enclosed in persistent calyx (right) About. A lovely upright Amaranthus, Green Thumb is a compact shrub, excellent for borders or containers. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb : Duration: Annual: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: AMSP: Plant Notes: Spiny Amaranth is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Amaranth family (Amaranthaceae). Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. Fast Facts. Seeds are circular form from 1-1.5 millimeters in diameter and range in color with a shiny, smooth seed coat. Kawela Bridge, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. thorny amaranth. Amaranthus spinosus L., Sp. A. spinosus produces male and female flowers on the same plant and is self compatible. The database and code is licensed under a and Reinhardt, C.F. A. spinosus is a serious weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 686 pp. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Grow Heirloom Amaranth -Plant Green Thumb Amaranthus Seeds. Scientific Name: Amaranthus spinosus Root Word: amarantos = unfading, spinosus = spiny Common Name: Spiny Amaranth, Pigweed Vernacular: Kulites: Similar Species: Amaranthus viridis L Origin: probably native to tropical America Weed Category: Broadleaves; Description. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands License. Seed about 1 mm in diameter, shiny black or brownish-black with thin margin. Also, the ability of Amaranthus dubius and Amaranthus hybridus to bioconcentrate several mineral elements was proved [ ]. ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US: Seedling: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Jun;46(3):184-6. If seeds of Amaranthus spinosus are not available in the quantity you need Please click here. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(1). Amaranth Starches Ask Price. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Ripening fruits Image credit to Agnes Rinehart, http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa ... An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.]. Once the amaranth seeds have sprouted, they should be thinned to about 18 inches (46 cm.) 991. There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. B and T World Seeds' reference number: 21356: The average, annual, minimum temperature zone where Amaranthus spinosus is cold hardy USDA Zone:10 30° to 40°F (-1° to +4.5°C) Type of plant - annual: Flower or inflorescence: GREEN to RED-PURPLE, 15x1cm. Alayon (If.) Amaranth seeds can be started indoors as well about three to four weeks before the last frost date. Not a true grain, amaranth is often called a pseudocereal, like its relative quinoa. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. The leaf axils bear pairs of fine and slender spines. 2014. Plant and Seeds Amaranth is an annual, large and bushy plant usually about 90-130 cm high. Genus: Acanthus Species: spinosus Item Form: 1-Quart Zone: 5 - 9 Bloom Start to End: Early Summer - Late Summer Habit: Columnar Plant Height: 3 ft Plant Width: 3 ft Restrictions: *Due to state restrictions we cannot ship to the following: Fl. ... Like all amaranths, it produces a huge amount of seed, sometimes over 100,000 per plant. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). USA. Amaranthus spinosus Linnaeus: Common Name: Spiny Amaranth; Thorny Amaranth: Habitat: Disturbed areas. A member of the Amaranthaceae family, Amaranthus spinosus L is also known by its common name of Spiny Amaranth. Medicinal uses of Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus). This vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. Volume 5, Families SâZ, Addenda. Invasive Weeds: Spiny Amaranth, Amaranthus spinosus. Ken Fern, Weed Description A summer annual that is very similar in appearance to other pigweeds but has spines along the stems. Pest Management Science, Vol. ... Amaranthus spinosus forma circumscissus Amaranthus spinosus Linnaeus, forma circumscissus Thellung, in Ascherson et al., Syn. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. Amaranthus, collectively known as amaranth, is a cosmopolitan genus of herbs. So trat sie ab 1962 in Arkansas, ab 1963 in Nebraska, ab 1966 in South Carolina, ab 1967 auch in Florida auf. Latin name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family, Pigweed Family) Medicinal use of Spiny Amaranth: The seed is used as a poultice for broken bones. Amarante Ã©pineuse, Ã©pinard malabar, Ã©pinard piquant (Fr). The stout spines at the nodes are diagnostic. â¢ Lemmens, R.H.M.J. Note scale. Spiny amaranth is found throughout the eastern half of the United States. â¢ Burkill, H.M., 1985. A. spinosus is edible and is best picked as a young plant. Love Lies Bleeding Seeds Quick View. The leaves grow from 1 1/4 to 2 1/2 inches in length. Richard Morris. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Fields, roadsides, along railroad tracks, stock pens. Fruit an oblong capsule with persisting styles, circumscissile a little below the middle or indehiscent, 1-seeded. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Smooth Pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus) Tumble Pigweed (Amaranthus albus) Prostrate pigweed (Amaranthus blitoides) Common Waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis) and Tall Waterhemp (A. tuberculatus) References Cited. The term amaranthin, which was originally introduced for the Amaranthus caudatus seed lectin, is now used as a collective noun for a small group of closely related lectins found in different Amaranthus species. Amaranthus retroflexus. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. Ajna Fern Origins: Native to tropical America (Randall, 2002). Seed Fruit. â¢ Burkill, H.M., 2000. Leaves glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Other authors reported the e ect and accumulation of heavy metals by amaranth in saline soils [ ]. The plant is astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge and galactogogue. Approximately 60 species are recognized, with inflorescence and foliage ranging from purple and red to gold. ... (Amaranthus spinosus): a case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). Amaranthus spinosus L. In: de Padua, L.S., Bunyapraphatsara, N. & Lemmens, R.H.M.J.
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